Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/8853
A multicentric evaluation of dipstick test for serodiagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Ethiopia and Spain
Ejazi, Sarfaraz Ahmad | Ghosh, Sneha | Saha, Samiran | Choudhury, Somsubhra Thakur | Bhattacharyya, Anirban | Chatterjee, Mitali | Pandey, Krishna | Das, V N R | Das, Pradeep | Rahaman, Mehebubar | Goswami, Rama Prosad | Rai, Keshav | Khanal, Basudha | Bhattarai, Narayan Raj | Deepachandi, Bhagya | Siriwardana, Yamuna Deepani | Karunaweera, Nadira D | deBrito, Maria Edileuza Felinto | Gomes, Yara de Miranda | Nakazawa, Mineo | Costa, Carlos Henrique Nery | Adem, Emebet | Yeshanew, Arega | Melkamu, Roma | Fikre, Helina | Hurissa, Zewdu | Diro, Ermias | Carrillo, Eugenia ISCIII | Moreno, Javier ISCIII | Ali, Nahid
Sci Rep. 2019 Jul 9;9(1):9932.
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is one of the leading infectious diseases affecting developing countries. Colloidal gold-based diagnostic tests are rapid tools to detect blood/serum antibodies for VL diagnosis. Lack of uniformity in the performance of these tests in different endemic regions is a hurdle in early disease diagnosis. This study is designed to validate a serum-based dipstick test in eight centres of six countries, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Ethiopia and Spain with archived and fresh sera from 1003 subjects. The dipstick detects antibodies against Leishmania donovani membrane antigens (LAg). The overall sensitivity and specificity of the test with 95% confidence intervals were found to be 97.10% and 93.44%, respectively. The test showed good sensitivity and specificity in the Indian subcontinent (>95%). In Brazil, Ethiopia, and Spain the sensitivity and specificity of the dipstick test (83.78-100% and 79.06-100%) were better as compared to the earlier reports of the performance of rK39 rapid test in these regions. Interestingly, less cross-reactivity was found with the cutaneous form of the disease in Spain, Brazil, and Sri Lanka demonstrating 91.58% specificity. This dipstick test can therefore be a useful tool for diagnosing VL from other symptomatically similar diseases and against cutaneous form of leishmaniasis.
Author Correction: A multicentric evaluation of dipstick test for serodiagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Ethiopia and Spain PMID: 33574485