Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/8554
Lower Breast Cancer Risk among Women following the World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research Lifestyle Recommendations: EpiGEICAM Case-Control Study
Castello, Adela ISCIII | Martín, Miguel | Ruiz, Amparo | Casas, Ana M | Baena-Cañada, José Manuel | Lope, Virginia ISCIII | Antolín, Silvia | Sánchez, Pedro | Ramos, Manuel ISCIII | Antón, Antonio | Muñoz, Montserrat | Bermejo, Begoña | De Juan-Ferré, Ana | Jara, Carlos | Chacón, José I | Jimeno, María A | Rosado, Petra | Díaz, Elena | Guillem, Vicente | Lluch, Ana | Carrasco, Eva | Perez-Gomez, Beatriz ISCIII | Vioque, Jesús | Pollan-Santamaria, Marina ISCIII
PLoS One. 2015 May 15;10(5):e0126096.
BACKGROUND: According to the "World Cancer Research Fund" and the "American Institute of Cancer Research" (WCRF/AICR) one in four cancer cases could be prevented through a healthy diet, weight control and physical activity. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between the WCRF/AICR recommendations and risk of breast cancer. METHODS: During the period 2006 to 2011 we recruited 973 incident cases of breast cancer and 973 controls from 17 Spanish Regions. We constructed a score based on 9 of the WCRF/AICR recommendations for cancer prevention:: 1)Maintain adequate body weight; 2)Be physically active; 3)Limit the intake of high density foods; 4)Eat mostly plant foods; 5)Limit the intake of animal foods; 6)Limit alcohol intake; 7)Limit salt and salt preserved food intake; 8)Meet nutritional needs through diet; S1)Breastfeed infants exclusively up to 6 months. We explored its association with BC by menopausal status and by intrinsic tumor subtypes (ER+/PR+ & HER2-; HER2+; ER&PR-&HER2-) using conditional and multinomial logistic models respectively. RESULTS: Our results point to a linear association between the degree of noncompliance and breast cancer risk. Taking women who met 6 or more recommendations as reference, those meeting less than 3 showed a three-fold excess risk (OR=2.98(CI95%:1.59-5.59)), especially for postmenopausal women (OR=3.60(CI95%:1.24;10.47)) and ER+/PR+&HER2- (OR=3.60(CI95%:1.84;7.05)) and HER2+ (OR=4.23(CI95%:1.66;10.78)) tumors. Noncompliance of recommendations regarding the consumption of foods and drinks that promote weight gain in premenopausal women (OR=2.24(CI95%:1.18;4.28); p for interaction=0.014) and triple negative tumors (OR=2.93(CI95%:1.12-7.63)); the intake of plant foods in postmenopausal women (OR=2.35(CI95%:1.24;4.44)) and triple negative tumors (OR=3.48(CI95%:1.46-8.31)); and the alcohol consumption in ER+/PR+&HER2- tumors (OR=1.52 (CI95%:1.06-2.19)) showed the strongest associations. CONCLUSION: Breast cancer prevention might be possible by following the "World Cancer Research Fund" and the "American Institute of Cancer Research" recommendations, even in settings like Spain, where a high percentage of women already comply with many of them.
Academies and Institutes | Adolescent | Adult | Aged | Breast Neoplasms | Case-Control Studies | Energy Intake | Feeding Behavior | Female | Humans | Life Style | Middle Aged | Spain | United States | Young Adult
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