Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/7246
Performance of a Quantitative PCR-Based Assay and Beta-d-Glucan Detection for Diagnosis of Invasive Candidiasis in Very-Low-Birth-Weight Preterm Neonatal Patients (CANDINEO Study)
Ramos, Jose Tomas | Villar, Sonia | Bouza, Emilio | Bergon-Sendin, Elena | Perez Rivilla, Alfredo | Collados, Caridad Tapia | Andreu, Mariano | Reyes, Candelaria Santana | Campos-Herrero, María Isolina | de Heredia, Jon López | Herrera, María Cruz López | Alonso, Paloma Anguita | Pallás-Alonso, Carmen Rosa | Cuenca-Estrella, Manuel ISCIII
J Clin Microbiol. 2017 Sep;55(9):2752-2764.
An epidemiological, multicenter, noninterventional, observational case-control study was conducted to describe the performance of serum beta-d-glucan (BDG) and Candida PCR in blood, serum, and sterile samples for the diagnosis of invasive candidiasis (IC) in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm neonates and to compare these techniques with culture of samples from blood and other sterile sites. Seventeen centers participated in the study, and the number of episodes analyzed was 159. A total of 9 episodes of IC from 9 patients (7 confirmed and 2 probable) and 150 episodes of suspected sepsis from 117 controls were identified. The prevalence of IC was 5.7% (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 2.1 to 9.3). The mortality was significantly higher in episodes of IC (44.4%) than in the non-IC episodes (11.1%, P < 0.01). The sensitivity and specificity of the PCR performed on blood/serum samples were 87.5% and 81.6%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of the BDG results were lower (75.0% and 64.6%). For cases with negative culture results, the PCR and the BDG results were positive in 27 (17.4%) and 52 (33.5%) episodes, respectively. The presence of multiorgan failure, improvement with empirical antifungal therapy, thrombocytopenia, and Candida colonization were significantly associated (P < 0.01) with PCR or BDG positivity regardless of the results of the cultures. Serum BDG analysis and Candida PCR could be used as complementary diagnostic techniques to detect IC in VLBW neonates.
Amphotericin B | Antifungal Agents | Biomarkers | Candida | Candidiasis, Invasive | Case-Control Studies | Drug Therapy, Combination | Echinocandins | Female | Fluconazole | Humans | Infant | Infant, Newborn | Lipopeptides | Male | Micafungin | Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction | Sensitivity and Specificity | beta-Glucans | Infant, Premature | Infant, Very Low Birth Weight
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