Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/12955
Identification of Pneumococcal Serotypes by PCR-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism.
Diagnostics (Basel). 2019; 9(4):196
Streptococcus pneumoniae shows more than 90 capsular serotypes that can be distinguished by their reactivity against antisera. The main objective of this work was the development of a molecular method for serotyping without the use of antisera. A computer program containing an algorithm was used to search in a database for potentially useful enzymes for Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism-RFLP typing, in order to maximize the discrimination between different serotypes. DNA sequences of 90 serotypes for the region between dexB and aliA genes were compiled, and a computer screening of restriction enzymes was performed. The wzg-wzh-wzd-wze region and Sse9I restriction predicted unique PCR-RFLP patterns for 39 serotypes and eight serogroups. A second restriction enzyme resolved fragment specific patterns for 25 serotypes. The method was tested with 98 serotype-unknown clinical isolates. PCR-RFLP analysis deduced correct serotypes that were confirmed by Quellung reaction for 78.5% of the isolates.
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