Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/12772
An Immunological Approach to the Biocompatibility of Mesoporous SiO2-CaO Nanospheres.
Int J Mol Sci . 2020 Nov 5;21(21):8291.
Mesoporous bioactive glass nanospheres (NanoMBGs) have high potential for clinical applications. However, the impact of these nanoparticles on the immune system needs to be addressed. In this study, the biocompatibility of SiO2-CaO NanoMBGs was evaluated on different mouse immune cells, including spleen cells subsets, bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs), or cell lines like SR.D10 Th2 CD4+ lymphocytes and DC2.4 dendritic cells. Flow cytometry and confocal microscopy show that the nanoparticles were rapidly and efficiently taken up in vitro by T and B lymphocytes or by specialized antigen-presenting cells (APCs) like dendritic cells (DCs). Nanoparticles were not cytotoxic and had no effect on cell viability or proliferation under T-cell (anti-CD3) or B cell (LPS) stimuli. Besides, NanoMBGs did not affect the balance of spleen cell subsets, or the production of intracellular or secreted pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-6, IL-10) by activated T, B, and dendritic cells (DC), as determined by flow cytometry and ELISA. T cell activation surface markers (CD25, CD69 and Induced Costimulator, ICOS) were not altered by NanoMBGs. Maturation of BMDCs or DC2.4 cells in vitro was not altered by NanoMBGs, as shown by expression of Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) and costimulatory molecules (CD40, CD80, CD86), or IL-6 secretion. The effect of wortmannin and chlorpromazine indicate a role for phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), actin and clathrin-dependent pathways in NanoMBG internalization. We thus demonstrate that these NanoMBGs are both non-toxic and non-inflammagenic for murine lymphoid cells and myeloid DCs despite their efficient intake by the cells.
B cell | ICOS | T cell | Dendritic cell | Dendritic cell maturation | Endocytosis | Mesoporous bioactive glass | Nanomaterial | Phosphoinositide 3-kinase PI3-K
Animals | Bone Marrow Cells | Calcium Compounds | Cell Differentiation | Cell Proliferation | Cell Survival | Cells, Cultured | Cytokines | Dendritic Cells | Female | Immunologic Techniques | Inflammation Mediators | Lymphocyte Activation | Male | Materials Testing | Mice | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Nanospheres | Oxides | Porosity | Silicon Dioxide | Spleen