Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/11676
Hospital Environment as a Source of Azole-Resistant Aspergillus fumigatus Strains with TR34/L98H and G448S Cyp51A Mutations.
J Fungi (Basel) . 2021 Jan 2;7(1):22
Azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus is an emerging worldwide problem with increasing reports of therapy failure cases produced by resistant isolates. A case of azole-resistant A. fumigatus hospital colonization in a patient is reported here. Investigations of the hospital environment led to the recovery of A. fumigatus strains harboring the TR34/L98H and the G448S Cyp51A azole resistance mechanisms. Isolate genotyping showed that one strain from the environment was isogenic with the patient strains. These are the first environmental A. fumigatus azole resistant strains collected in a hospital in Spain; it supports the idea of the hospital environment as a source of dissemination and colonization/infection by azole resistant A. fumigatus in patients. The isolation of an azole-resistant strain from an azole-naïve patient is an interesting finding, suggesting that an effective analysis of clinical and environmental sources must be done to detect azole resistance in A. fumigatus. The emergence and spread of these resistance mechanisms in A. fumigatus is of major concern because it confers high resistance to voriconazole and is associated with treatment failure in patients with invasive aspergillosis.
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