Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/9998
Structural and functional insights into Escherichia coli α2-macroglobulin endopeptidase snap-trap inhibition
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Jul 7;112(27):8290-5.
The survival of commensal bacteria requires them to evade host peptidases. Gram-negative bacteria from the human gut microbiome encode a relative of the human endopeptidase inhibitor, α2-macroglobulin (α2M). Escherichia coli α2M (ECAM) is a ∼ 180-kDa multidomain membrane-anchored pan-peptidase inhibitor, which is cleaved by host endopeptidases in an accessible bait region. Structural studies by electron microscopy and crystallography reveal that this cleavage causes major structural rearrangement of more than half the 13-domain structure from a native to a compact induced form. It also exposes a reactive thioester bond, which covalently traps the peptidase. Subsequently, peptidase-laden ECAM is shed from the membrane and may dimerize. Trapped peptidases are still active except against very large substrates, so inhibition potentially prevents damage of large cell envelope components, but not host digestion. Mechanistically, these results document a novel monomeric "snap trap."
X-ray crystal structure | Conformational rearrangement | Cryo-electron microscopy | Gut microbiome | Protein inhibitor
Amino Acid Sequence | Binding Sites | Crystallography, X-Ray | Endopeptidases | Escherichia coli | Escherichia coli Proteins | Gastrointestinal Tract | Humans | Membrane Proteins | Microbiota | Microscopy, Electron | Models, Molecular | Molecular Sequence Data | Molecular Weight | Peptide Hydrolases | Protease Inhibitors | Protein Multimerization | Protein Structure, Secondary | Protein Structure, Tertiary | alpha-Macroglobulins
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