Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/9946
Increased retention of LDL from type 1 diabetic patients in atherosclerosis-prone areas of the murine arterial wall
Atherosclerosis. 2019; 286:156-162
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Type 1 diabetes accelerates the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. Retention of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in the arterial wall is a causal step in atherogenesis, but it is unknown whether diabetes alters the propensity of LDL for retention. The present study investigated whether LDL from type 1 diabetic and healthy non-diabetic subjects differed in their ability to bind to the arterial wall in a type 1 diabetic mouse model. METHODS: Fluorescently-labeled LDL obtained from type 1 diabetic patients or healthy controls was injected into mice with type 1 diabetes. The amount of retained LDL in the atherosclerosis-prone inner curvature of the aortic arch was quantified by fluorescence microscopy. Healthy control LDL was in vitro glycated, analyzed for protein glycation by LC-MS/MS, and tested for retention propensity. RESULTS: Retention of LDL from type 1 diabetic patients was 4.35-fold higher compared to LDL from nondiabetic subjects. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy analysis of LDL revealed no differences in the concentration of the atherogenic small dense LDL between type 1 diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. In vitro glycation of LDL from a non-diabetic subject increased retention compared to non-glycated LDL. LC-MS/MS revealed four new glycated spots in the protein sequence of ApoB of in vitro glycated LDL. CONCLUSIONS: LDL from type 1 diabetic patients showed increased retention at atherosclerosis-prone sites in the arterial wall of diabetic mice. Glycation of LDL is one modification that may increase retention, but other, yet unknown, mechanisms are also likely to contribute.
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