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dc.contributor.authorBosque-Prous, Marina
dc.contributor.authorEspelt, Albert
dc.contributor.authorSordo del Castillo, Luis 
dc.contributor.authorGuitart, Anna M
dc.contributor.authorBrugal, M Teresa
dc.contributor.authorBravo, María J
dc.identifier.citationPLoS One. 2015 Oct 7;10(10):e0140017.es_ES
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: To estimate the incidence of hazardous drinking in middle-aged people during an economic recession and ascertain whether individual job loss and contextual changes in unemployment influence the incidence rate in that period. METHODS: Longitudinal study based on two waves of the SHARE project (Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe). Individuals aged 50-64 years from 11 European countries, who were not hazardous drinkers at baseline (n = 7,615), were selected for this study. We estimated the cumulative incidence of hazardous drinking (≥40g and ≥20g of pure alcohol on average in men and women, respectively) between 2006 and 2012. Furthermore, in the statistical analysis, multilevel Poisson regression models with robust variance were fitted and obtained Risk Ratios (RR) and their 95% Confidence Intervals (95%CI). RESULTS: Over a 6-year period, 505 subjects became hazardous drinkers, with cumulative incidence of 6.6 per 100 persons between 2006 and 2012 (95%CI:6.1-7.2). Age [RR = 1.02 (95%CI:1.00-1.04)] and becoming unemployed [RR = 1.55 (95%CI:1.08-2.23)] were independently associated with higher risk of becoming a hazardous drinker. Conversely, having poorer self-perceived health was associated with lower risk of becoming a hazardous drinker [RR = 0.75 (95%CI:0.60-0.95)]. At country-level, an increase in the unemployment rate during the study period [RR = 1.32 (95%CI:1.17-1.50)] and greater increases in the household disposable income [RR = 0.97 (95%CI:0.95-0.99)] were associated with risk of becoming a hazardous drinker. CONCLUSIONS: Job loss among middle-aged individuals during the economic recession was positively associated with becoming a hazardous drinker. Changes in country-level variables were also related to this drinking pattern.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the Health Strategic Action grant [grant number PI13/00183] and the Spanish Network on Addictive Disorders [grant numbers RD06/0001/1018, and RD12/0028/0018]. Moreover, this paper uses data from SHARE Wave 4 release 1.1.1, as of March 28th 2013 (DOI: 10.6103/SHARE.w4.111) and SHARE Wave 2 release 2.6.0, as of November 29th (DOI: 10.6103/SHARE.w2.260). The SHARE data collection has been primarily funded by the European Commission through the 5th Framework Programme (project QLK6-CT-2001-00360 in the thematic programme Quality of Life), through the 6th Framework Programme (projects SHARE-I3, RII-CT-2006-062193, COMPARE, CIT5- CT-2005-028857, and SHARELIFE, CIT4- CT-2006-028812) and through the 7th Framework Programme (SHARE-PREP, N° 211909, SHARE-LEAP, N° 227822 and SHARE M4, N° 261982). Additional funding from the U.S. National Institute on Aging (U01 AG09740-13S2, P01 AG005842, P01 AG08291, P30 AG12815, R21 AG025169, Y1-AG-4553-01, IAG BSR06-11 and OGHA 04-064) and the German Ministry of Education and Research as well as from various national sources is gratefully acknowledged (see for a full list of funding institutions). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.es_ES
dc.publisherPublic Library of Sciencees_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher's versiones_ES
dc.subject.meshAlcohol Drinking es_ES
dc.subject.meshEurope es_ES
dc.subject.meshFemale es_ES
dc.subject.meshHumans es_ES
dc.subject.meshIncidence es_ES
dc.subject.meshLongitudinal Studies es_ES
dc.subject.meshMale es_ES
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged es_ES
dc.subject.meshRisk Factors es_ES
dc.subject.meshEconomic Recession es_ES
dc.subject.meshUnemployment es_ES
dc.titleJob Loss, Unemployment and the Incidence of Hazardous Drinking during the Late 2000s Recession in Europe among Adults Aged 50-64 Yearses_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.contributor.funderRed de Investigación Cooperativa en Trastornos Adictivos
dc.contributor.funderUnión Europea. Comisión Europea. 5º Programa Marco
dc.contributor.funderUnión Europea. Comisión Europea. 6º Programa Marco
dc.contributor.funderUnión Europea. Comisión Europea. 7º Programa Marco
dc.identifier.journalPloS onees_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Centro Nacional de Epidemologíaes_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu_repo/grantAgreement/ES/CIT5- CT-2005-028857es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu_repo/grantAgreement/ES/CIT4- CT-2006-028812es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu_repo/grantAgreement/ES/U01 AG09740-13S2es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu_repo/grantAgreement/ES/P01 AG005842es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu_repo/grantAgreement/ES/P01 AG08291es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu_repo/grantAgreement/ES/P30 AG12815es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu_repo/grantAgreement/ES/R21 AG025169es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu_repo/grantAgreement/ES/IAG BSR06-11es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu_repo/grantAgreement/ES/OGHA 04-064es_ES

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