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dc.contributor.authorRoyo-Bordonada, Miguel Angel 
dc.contributor.authorGarcés, C
dc.contributor.authorGorgojo Jimenez, Lydia 
dc.contributor.authorMartin Moreno, Jose Maria 
dc.contributor.authorLasunción, Miguel A
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez-Artalejo, Fernando
dc.contributor.authorFernández, O
dc.contributor.authorde Oya, M
dc.identifier.citationPublic Health Nutr. 2006 Jun;9(4):429-35.es_ES
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: To compare the anthropometric, alimentary, nutritional and lipid profiles and global diet quality of Spanish children according to saturated fat intake. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. Food data were collected using a food-frequency questionnaire. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample included 1112 children of both sexes, aged between 6 and 7 years, selected by means of random cluster sampling in schools. The plasma lipid profile included measurements of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides, apolipoprotein A1 (apoA1) and apolipoprotein B (apoB). Global diet quality was evaluated by the Dietary Variety Index (DVI) and the Healthy Eating Index (HEI). RESULTS: Energy intake, DVI and HEI of children from the lower quartile of saturated fat intake (LL) were higher (P<001) than in the remaining children (UL). However, there were no significant differences in average height or weight between groups. The UL children had lower intakes of meat, fish, vegetables, fruits and olive oil and a higher intake of dairy products (P<0.001). The intakes of fibre, vitamins C, D, B6, E and folic acid were higher in the LL children, who had lower intakes of vitamin A and calcium. The ratios LDL-C/HDL-C and apoB/apoA1 were lower (P=0.04) in the LL children (1.87 and 0.52, respectively) than in the UL children (2.02 and 0.54, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The growth rate of children does not seem to be affected by the level of saturated fat intake. Furthermore, at the levels of intake observed in this study, diets with less saturated fat are associated with better alimentary, nutritional and plasma lipid profiles.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was partly funded by grants from the Fondo deInvestigacio ́n Sanitaria (FIS 020994, FIS02/3104) and theMinisterio Agricultura Pesca y Alimentacio ́n. We thankAlexander G Borun for manuscript revisiones_ES
dc.publisherCambridge University Press es_ES
dc.subject.meshAnthropometry es_ES
dc.subject.meshChild es_ES
dc.subject.meshChild Nutritional Physiological Phenomena es_ES
dc.subject.meshCholesterol es_ES
dc.subject.meshCholesterol, HDL es_ES
dc.subject.meshCholesterol, LDL es_ES
dc.subject.meshCluster Analysis es_ES
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studies es_ES
dc.subject.meshDiet es_ES
dc.subject.meshDietary Fats, Unsaturated es_ES
dc.subject.meshFemale es_ES
dc.subject.meshGrowth es_ES
dc.subject.meshHumans es_ES
dc.subject.meshLipids es_ES
dc.subject.meshMale es_ES
dc.subject.meshNutritional Status es_ES
dc.subject.meshSurveys and Questionnaires es_ES
dc.subject.meshTriglycerides es_ES
dc.subject.meshDiet Surveys es_ES
dc.titleSaturated fat in the diet of Spanish children: relationship with anthropometric, alimentary, nutritional and lipid profileses_ES
dc.typejournal articlees_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional*
dc.contributor.funderInstituto de Salud Carlos III 
dc.identifier.journalPublic health nutritiones_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Escuela Nacional de Sanidades_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FIS 020994es_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accesses_ES

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