Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/9312
Exceso de peso infantil en España 2006-2012. Determinantes y error de percepción parental
Ramiro-González, María D | Sanz-Barbero, Belen ISCIII | Royo-Bordonada, Miguel Angel ISCIII
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed). 2017 Aug;70(8):656-663.
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Due to the high prevalence of childhood obesity in Spain, we analyzed changes in its prevalence from 2006 to 2007 and from 2011 to 2012, as well as diet, sleep, and sedentary habits in 5- to 14-year-olds and parental misperceptions about their children's excess weight. METHODS: The sample was from the Spanish National Health Surveys for 2006 to 2007 (n=5590) and for 2011 to 2012 (n=3601). Data were collected by trained personnel through telephone interviews with parents/guardians. Weight and height were self-reported and the International Obesity Task Force cutpoints were used to define overweight and obesity. RESULTS: The prevalence of childhood excess weight was 30.1% from 2006 to 2007 and 29.7% from 2011 to 2012, while that of childhood obesity was 9.6% and 9%, respectively. Parental misperception of childhood excess weight increased from 60.8% to 71.4% (P<.001). Daily consumption of vegetables increased by 7.8%, while that of soft drinks and snacks decreased. This decrease was greatest in children from families with a low socioeconomic status, who also decreased their consumption of sweets and fast food. Adherence to sleep recommendations decreased by 5%, but adherence to recommended sedentary time did not change. CONCLUSIONS: High childhood overweight and obesity rates remained stable in Spain from 2006 to 2007 and from 2011 to 2012, but there was an increase in parental misperception of childhood excess weight. Despite reduced consumption of soft drinks and snacks, there was low adherence to dietary recommendations, hours of sleep, and sedentary habits.
Actividad sedentaria | Childhood obesity | Childhood overweight | Diet | Dieta | España | Horas de sueño | Hours of sleep | Nutrición | Nutrition | Obesidad infantil | Parental misperception | Percepción parental errónea | Sedentary activity | Sobrepeso infantil | Spain
Adolescent | Attitude to Health | Carbonated Beverages | Child | Child, Preschool | Fast Foods | Feeding Behavior | Female | Healthy Lifestyle | Humans | Male | Overweight | Parents | Patient Compliance | Pediatric Obesity | Perception | Prevalence | Sedentary Behavior | Sleep | Socioeconomic Factors | Spain
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