Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/9307
Cancer Mortality and Deprivation in the Proximity of Polluting Industrial Facilities in an Industrial Region of Spain
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Mar 13;17(6). pii: E1860.
Residential proximity to industrial facilities that release pollutants is a source of exposure to a high number of toxics, many of them known or suspected carcinogens. The objective of the study was to analyze the association between lung, larynx, bladder, and kidney cancer mortality and deprivation in areas proximate to polluting industrial facilities in Cadiz, a highly industrialized province in Spain. An ecological study at census tract level was carried out to estimate the mortality rates associated with deprivation and proximity to polluting industrial facilities (1-5 km) using the Besag-York-Mollié model. The results show a negative social gradient for lung and larynx cancers in males and greater risk of lung cancer was observed in the least deprived areas in females. These associations were found regardless the distance to industrial facilities. Increasing excess risk (relative risk; 95% credibility interval) of lung cancer for males (1.09; 1.02-1.16 at 5 km vs 1.24; 1.08-1.41 at 1 km) and bladder cancer for males (1.11; 1.01-1.22 at 5 km vs 1.32; 1.08-1.60 at 1 km) and females (1.32; 1.04-1.69 at 4 km vs 1.91; 1.28-2.86 at 1 km) was found as proximity to polluting industrial facilities increased. For kidney cancer, high risks were observed near such facilities for both sexes. Knowing the possible influence of industrial pollution and social inequalities over cancer risk allows the definition of policies aimed at reducing the risk.
Files in this item
- CancerMortalityAndDeprivation_ ...