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dc.contributor.authorBelza Egozcue, Maria Jose 
dc.contributor.authorFigueroa, Carmen 
dc.contributor.authorRosales-Statkus, Maria-Elena 
dc.contributor.authorRuiz, Monica 
dc.contributor.authorVallejo-Ruiz de Leon, Fernando 
dc.contributor.authorFuente, Luis de la
dc.identifier.citationInt J Infect Dis. 2014 Aug;25:196-200.es_ES
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to estimate the percentage of potential users who know that unauthorized HIV self-tests can be purchased online and the percentage of those who have already used them, and to determine socio-demographic and behavioural correlates. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was employed to collect data from attendees at a street-based HIV testing programme. Logistic regression for rare events was performed. RESULTS: Of the 3340 participants, 5.3% (95% confidence interval (CI) 4.5-6.0%) had knowledge of self-tests being sold online and 7.5% (95% CI 6.6-8.5%) thought they existed but had never seen them; only 0.6% (95% CI 0.3-0.9%) had ever used one. Knowing that self-tests are sold online (odds ratio (OR) 3.6, 95% CI 2.4-5.4) and using them (OR 7.3, 95% CI 2.2-23.8) were associated with having undergone more than two previous HIV tests. Use was also associated with being neither Spanish nor Latin American (OR 3.8, 95% CI 1.2-12.0) and with having a university degree (OR 0.2, 95% CI 0.1-0.7). CONCLUSIONS: At the time of the study, the impact on the population of issues related to the use of unauthorized tests was very low. However, media coverage following the approval of self-testing in the USA might have changed the situation.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by The Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality (MSSSI EC11-279).es_ES
dc.publisherElsevier es_ES
dc.subjectEarly diagnosises_ES
dc.subject.meshAdult es_ES
dc.subject.meshFemale es_ES
dc.subject.meshHIV Infections es_ES
dc.subject.meshHumans es_ES
dc.subject.meshMale es_ES
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged es_ES
dc.subject.meshOdds Ratio es_ES
dc.subject.meshPopulation Surveillance es_ES
dc.subject.meshRisk Factors es_ES
dc.subject.meshSexual Behavior es_ES
dc.subject.meshSexual Partners es_ES
dc.subject.meshSpain es_ES
dc.subject.meshYoung Adult es_ES
dc.subject.meshHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice es_ES
dc.titleLow knowledge and anecdotal use of unauthorized online HIV self-test kits among attendees at a street-based HIV rapid testing programme in Spaines_ES
dc.typejournal articlees_ES
dc.rights.licenseAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional*
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad (España) 
dc.identifier.journalInternational journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseaseses_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Escuela Nacional de Sanidades_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Centro Nacional de Epidemiologíaes_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/MSSSI EC11-279es_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accesses_ES

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internacional
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