Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/9078
Multidrug-resistant and heteroresistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis and associated gene mutations in Ethiopia
Int J Infect Dis. 2015 Oct;39:34-8.
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) among new and retreatment cases in 2011 in Ethiopia was 2.7% and 17.9%, respectively. However, data on heteroresistance and gene mutation profiles of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were not documented. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 413 TB-positive clinical specimens submitted between 2012 and 2014 to Bahir Dar Regional Laboratory Center for confirmation of multidrug resistance. Resistance determining genes were analyzed using a line probe assay. RESULTS: Of 413M. tuberculosis isolates, 150 (36.3%) were multidrug-resistant, 19 (4.6%) were resistant only to rifampicin, and 26 (6.3%) were resistant to isoniazid. Of 169 rifampicin-resistant and 176 isoniazid-resistant isolates, only eight (4.7%) showed rifampicin heteroresistance and only two (1.13%) showed isoniazid heteroresistance. Failing of the rpoB WT8 gene with corresponding hybridization of rpoB MUT3 (S531L substitution) accounted for 85 (50.3%) rifampicin-resistant mutations. Among 176 isoniazid-resistant isolates, 155 (88.1%) strains had the Ser315Thr1 substitution. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of multidrug-resistant M. tuberculosis was high in the study area. Ser531Leu and Ser315Thr1 substitutions were the highest gene mutations for rifampicin and isoniazid, respectively.
Adolescent | Adult | Antitubercular Agents | Cross-Sectional Studies | Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial | Ethiopia | Female | Genes, Bacterial | Humans | Isoniazid | Male | Middle Aged | Mycobacterium tuberculosis | Prevalence | Rifampin | Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant | Young Adult | Mutation
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