Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/8706
Failures in the case management of children with uncomplicated malaria in Bata district of Equatorial Guinea and associated factors
PLoS One. 2019 Aug 2;14(8):e0220789.
BACKGROUND: In Equatorial Guinea, malaria continues to be one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality among children. The National Therapeutic Guide established artesunate-amodiaquine (ASAQ) as first-line treatment for uncomplicated malaria, but compliance with this treatment is low. The aim of this study was to assess, for the first time, the performance of public healthcare workers in the diagnosis and treatment of uncomplicated malaria, their compliance with first-line Malaria National Therapeutic Guide and the associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at the nine public health facilities in the Bata District of Equatorial Guinea to assess the management of uncomplicated malaria in children < 15 years of age. Bivariate and multivariate statistical analyses were used to determine the recommended treatment compliance and related factors. RESULTS: A total of 227 children with uncomplicated malaria were recorded from 9 public health facilities. Most of the treatments prescribed (83.3%) did not follow the first-line treatment recommended for uncomplicated malaria. The diagnosis was established with parasite confirmation in 182 cases (80.2%). After adjustment for other variables, children under 2 months of age, the use of parasite confirmation to the diagnosis of malaria and being familiar with the national therapeutic guide were significantly associated with the prescription of the first-line recommended treatment. Cases attended at the hospital or in a health facility with ASAQ in the pharmacy at the time of the study were also more likely to be prescribed with the recommended treatment, but with non-significant association after adjustment for other variables. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified the factors associated with the low compliance with the first-line treatment by the public healthcare facilities of Bata District of Equatorial Guinea. It seems necessary to improve case management of children with uncomplicated malaria; to reinforce the use of Malaria National Therapeutic Guide and to inform about the danger of using artemisinin monotherapy. Furthermore, it is crucial to provide recommended first-line treatment to the pharmacies of all public health facilities to ensure access to this treatment.
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