Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/7725
Mx1, OAS1 and OAS2 polymorphisms are associated with the severity of liver disease in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients: A cross-sectional study
García-Álvarez, Mónica ISCIII | Berenguer, Juan | Jimenez-Sousa, Maria Angeles ISCIII | Pineda-Tenor, Daniel ISCIII | Aldámiz-Echevarria, Teresa | Tejerina, Francisco | Diez, Cristina | Vázquez-Morón, Sonia ISCIII | Resino, Salvador ISCIII
Sci Rep. 2017 Jan;7:41516
The mechanisms involved in the chronic hepatitis C progression are incompletely understood. The aim was to analyze the association between 2'5'oligoadenylate synthetase 1,2 and 3 (OAS1-3) and myxovirus resistance proteins 1 (Mx1) polymorphisms and severity of liver disease in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfected patients. We performed a cross-sectional study in 219 patients that underwent a liver biopsy. DNA genotyping for Mx1 (rs469390), OAS1 (rs2285934), OAS2 (rs1293762) and OAS3 (rs2010604) was performed by using GoldenGate assay. The outcome variables ion liver biopsy were: (i) significant fibrosis (F ≥ 2); (ii) moderate activity grade (A ≥ 2). Additive model of inheritance for genetic association test was used. The likelihood of having significant fibrosis (F ≥ 2) was lower in patients carrying OAS2 rs1293762 A allele [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 0.51; p = 0.040]. Besides, the likelihood of having moderate activity grade (A ≥ 2) was higher in patients carrying Mx1 rs464397 C allele (aOR = 1.63; p = 0.028) and Mx1 rs469390 G allele (aOR = 1.97; p = 0.005), while it was lower in patients carrying OAS1 rs2285934 A allele (aOR = 0.64; p = 0.039) and OAS2 rs1293762 A allele (aOR = 0.41; p = 0.009). In conclusion, Mx1 and OAS1-2 polymorphisms were associated with the severity of liver disease in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients, suggesting a significant role in the progression of hepatic fibrosis.
Adult | Coinfection | Cross-Sectional Studies | Female | Gene Frequency | Genetic Association Studies | HIV Infections | Haplotypes | Hepatitis C, Chronic | Humans | Male | Myxovirus Resistance Proteins | Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide | Genetic Predisposition to Disease
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