Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/7337
Low frequency of NS5A relevant resistance-associated substitutions to Elbasvir among hepatitis C virus genotype 1a in Spain: a cross-sectional study
Palladino, Claudia | Sanchez-Carrillo, Marta ISCIII | Mate-Cano, Irene ISCIII | Vazquez-Moron, Sonia ISCIII | Jimenez-Sousa, Maria Angeles ISCIII | Gutiirrez-Rivas, Monica ISCIII | Resino, Salvador ISCIII | Briz, Veronica ISCIII
Sci Rep. 2017 Jun;7(1):2892.
Relevant resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) to elbasvir, the new HCV NS5A inhibitor, may limit its efficacy and lead to virological failure in HCV-GT1a-infected patients. There are few data outside clinical trials evaluating their prevalence and impact of elbasvir/grazoprevir. A multicenter cross-sectional study of 617 HCV-GT1a-infected individuals attended in 84 Spanish hospitals from the 17 Autonomous Communities and two Autonomous cities was performed. HCV population sequencing was used to identify RASs to elbasvir and the mutational pattern and drug sensitivity were confirmed by geno2pheno[HCV]. Viruses bearing RASs to elbasvir were present in 6.2% of HCV-GT1a infected patients. The most common RASs were the Y93C/H/N and Q30E/H/R (2.4% and 2.3%; respectively). Only 3.4% of patients had viruses with RASs that confer reduced susceptibility to elbasvir by geno2pheno [HCV] that identified exclusively the positions Q30H/R (n = 7) and Y93C/H/N (n = 8) as single mutations and Q30H + Y93H (n = 4) and Q30R + Y93H (n = 2) as double mutations considered as RASs to elbasvir. Lower prevalence of RASs to elbasvir in our HCV-GT1a-Spanish cohort was observed than reported previously in clinical trials. This information may be essential to guiding the implementation of elbasvir/grazoprevir in Spain, expected at the beginning of 2017 and the management of GT1a-infected patients.
Benzofurans | Cross-Sectional Studies | Female | Hepacivirus | Hepatitis C | Humans | Imidazoles | Male | Middle Aged | Spain | Viral Nonstructural Proteins | Drug Resistance, Viral | Genotype
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