Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/7157
Variability in the use of neuroimaging techniques for diagnosis and follow-up of stroke patients
Neurologia 2017 Apr 18.(17) 30136-6
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Imaging diagnosis is essential for treatment planning in stroke patients. However, use of these techniques varies due to uncertainty about their effectiveness. Our purpose was to describe the use of CT and MRI in stroke and transient ischaemic attack (TIA) over 5years in hospitals belonging to the Canary Islands Health Service and analyse interhospital variability based on routinely collected administrative data. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We gathered the minimum basic dataset (MBDS) from patients diagnosed with stroke or TIA between 2005 and 2010 in 4hospitals. Patients' age, sex, procedures, secondary diagnoses, and duration of hospital stay were also recorded. We conducted a descriptive analysis of patient characteristics and a bivariate analysis using the t test and the chi square test to detect differences between patients assessed and not assessed with MRI. Logistic regression was used to analyse unequal access to MRI. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Our study included 10,487 patients (8,571 with stroke and 1,916 with TIA). The percentage of stroke patients undergoing a CT scan increased from 89.47% in 2005 to 91.50% in 2010. In these patients, use of MRI also increased from 25.41% in 2005 to 36.02% in 2010. Among patients with TIA, use of CT increased from 84.64% to 88.04% and MRI from 32.53% to 39.13%. According to our results, female sex, younger age, and presence of comorbidities increase the likelihood of undergoing MRI.
Computed tomography | Desigualdades | Ictus | Imaging techniques | Inequalities | Magnetic resonance imaging | Pruebas de imagen | Resonancia nuclear magnética | Stroke | Tomografía axial computarizada | Variabilidad | Variability
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