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dc.contributor.authorGarcia-Rubio, Rocio 
dc.contributor.authorGil, Horacio 
dc.contributor.authorMonteiro, Maria Candida 
dc.contributor.authorPelaez, Teresa
dc.contributor.authorMellado, Emilia
dc.identifier.citationPLoS One. 2016 Oct 4;11(10):e0163869.es_ES
dc.description.abstractAspergillus fumigatus is a saprotrophic mold fungus ubiquitously found in the environment and is the most common species causing invasive aspergillosis in immunocompromised individuals. For A. fumigatus genotyping, the short tandem repeat method (STRAf) is widely accepted as the first choice. However, difficulties associated with PCR product size and required technology have encouraged the development of novel typing techniques. In this study, a new genotyping method based on hypervariable tandem repeats within exons of surface protein coding genes (TRESP) was designed. A. fumigatus isolates were characterized by PCR amplification and sequencing with a panel of three TRESP encoding genes: cell surface protein A; MP-2 antigenic galactomannan protein; and hypothetical protein with a CFEM domain. The allele sequence repeats of each of the three targets were combined to assign a specific genotype. For the evaluation of this method, 126 unrelated A. fumigatus strains were analyzed and 96 different genotypes were identified, showing a high level of discrimination [Simpson's index of diversity (D) 0.994]. In addition, 49 azole resistant strains were analyzed identifying 26 genotypes and showing a lower D value (0.890) among them. This value could indicate that these resistant strains are closely related and share a common origin, although more studies are needed to confirm this hypothesis. In summary, a novel genotyping method for A. fumigatus has been developed which is reproducible, easy to perform, highly discriminatory and could be especially useful for studying outbreaks.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipEM is supported by a Project from the Spanish Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria (FIS: PI15CIII/00019) and Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Subdirección general de Redes y Centros de Investigación Cooperativa, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Spanish Network for Research in Infectious Diseases (REIPI RD 12/0015). MCM is funded by Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria through a Sara Borrell Fellowship (grant CD13/00198). TP is supported by a Project from the Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria (FIS: PI13/02783). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.es_ES
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLOS) es_ES
dc.subject.meshAspergillosis es_ES
dc.subject.meshAspergillus fumigatus es_ES
dc.subject.meshAzoles es_ES
dc.subject.meshDrug Resistance, Fungal es_ES
dc.subject.meshExons es_ES
dc.subject.meshFungal Proteins es_ES
dc.subject.meshGenotyping Techniques es_ES
dc.subject.meshHumans es_ES
dc.subject.meshMembrane Proteins es_ES
dc.subject.meshMycological Typing Techniques es_ES
dc.subject.meshMicrosatellite Repeats es_ES
dc.titleA New Aspergillus fumigatus Typing Method Based on Hypervariable Tandem Repeats Located within Exons of Surface Protein Coding Genes (TRESP)es_ES
dc.typejournal articlees_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.contributor.funderInstituto de Salud Carlos III 
dc.identifier.journalPloS onees_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Centro Nacional de Microbiologíaes_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/RD 12/0015es_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accesses_ES

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Atribución 4.0 Internacional
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