Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/6904
Widening the Access to HIV Testing: The Contribution of Three In-Pharmacy Testing Programmes in Spain
Fernandez-Balbuena, Sonia ISCIII | Belza Egozcue, Maria Jose ISCIII | Zulaica, Daniel | Martinez, Jose Luis | Marcos, Henar | Rifá, Benet | Arrillaga, Arantxa | Fuente, Luis de la ISCIII | Hoyos, Juan
PLoS One. 2015 Aug 6;10(8):e0134631.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Spain has implemented several in-pharmacy HIV testing programmes performed by pharmacists as part of their everyday routine. We aim to assess the feasibility and the main outcomes of three programmes implemented in three Spanish regions with different sociological profiles and also different epidemiology for HIV. METHODS: The characteristics of the 24151 people tested between 2009 and 2013 at 74 urban pharmacies are studied. We compare the main outcomes of the programmes with those of each Regional HIV Surveillance System (RHSS) assessing the contribution to the total new diagnosis in each region and if priority groups are being reached. RESULTS: 45.7% were heterosexual men (MSW), 14.4% men who have sex with men (MSM), and 27% women. The 35% were younger than 30 and 9.6% foreigners. The 52% were previously untested, and women were the most likely to be untested. The three programmes altogether diagnosed 226 people, resulting in a global prevalence of 0.9% (95%CI: 0.8-1.1); 3.4% in MSM (95%CI: 2.8-4.0). The prevalence among Spaniards was 0.8% (0.7-1.0) vs. 2.2 (1.6-2.9) among foreigners. The percentages of MSM diagnosed by all three programmes were higher than the one reported by their respective RHSS. Thirty four percent of the reactive MSM and the 71.4% of the reactive MSW did not have a previous HIV test although big testing history differences were observed across the programmes. Altogether, these services contributed with the 10.6% of all HIV diagnoses in these regions. CONCLUSIONS: In-pharmacy HIV testing programmes are a valuable testing option, having been able to uncover 1 out of 10 the new diagnoses reported in each region. They showed a good capacity of reaching and diagnosing previously untested populations, not only a priority population such as MSM but also heterosexual population who are more affected by delayed diagnosis. They seem to be particularly suitable for regions without large cities and specific HIV diagnostic services.
Adult | Female | HIV Infections | Homosexuality, Male | Humans | Male | Pharmacies | Prevalence | Spain | Young Adult
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