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dc.contributor.authorHerrador, Zaida 
dc.contributor.authorPerez-Formigo, Jesus 
dc.contributor.authorSordo, Luis 
dc.contributor.authorGadisa, Endalamaw
dc.contributor.authorMoreno, Javier 
dc.contributor.authorBenito, Agustin 
dc.contributor.authorAseffa, Abraham
dc.contributor.authorCustodio, Estefania
dc.identifier.citationPLoS One. 2015 Jul 23;10(7):e0133435es_ES
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: A low dietary diversity score (DDS) and low consumption of food from animal sources (ASF) are among the factors related to malnutrition in school-aged children living in Libo Kemkem and Fogera (Ethiopia). OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify associated determinants for low dietary diversity and lack of consumption of ASF. METHODS: In 2009, a cross-sectional survey was carried out in May, at the end of the lean season. Socio-demographic characteristics and diet habits were collected from 886 school-aged children. Additionally, 516 children from rural sites were followed up in the post-harvest season, in December of the same year. Bivariate and multivariable statistical methods were employed to assess low DDS and ASF intake and their association with different factors. RESULTS: Up to 80% and 60% of school-aged children living in rural and urban sites, respectively, ate ≤ 3 food groups the day before the survey. The percentage of children consuming ASF was significantly higher in urban settings (64% vs 18%). In the rural areas, if the head of the household was male (OR: 1.91; 95%CI: 1.00-3.65) and older than 40 years (OR: 1.56; 95%CI: 1.02-2.38) the child had a lower DDS in the lean season, while differences by socioeconomic indexes were observed in the post-harvest season. Males took more ASF than females in rural settings (OR: 1.73; 95%CI: 1.14-2.62) and differences by socioeconomic indexes were observed in both settings in the lean season, though not in post-harvest survey. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study revealed that the diet among school-aged children in Libo Kemkem and Fogera districts lacked diversity, and that the intake of foods from animal sources was low, especially among rural girls. To effectively tackle malnutrition, dietary diversification strategies oriented to the local needs are recommended.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by the UBS–Optimus Foundation (Switzerland) through the Visceral Leishmaniasis and Malnutrition in Amhara State, Ethiopia Project. Support was also provided by the Instituto de Salud Carlos III through Tropical Diseases Research Network Grants RICET RD06/0021/0009 and RD06/0021/0000. The funders had no role in study design, data collection, analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.es_ES
dc.publisherPublic Library of Science (PLOS) es_ES
dc.subject.meshAdolescent es_ES
dc.subject.meshChild es_ES
dc.subject.meshChild Nutrition Disorders es_ES
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschool es_ES
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studies es_ES
dc.subject.meshEating es_ES
dc.subject.meshEnergy Intake es_ES
dc.subject.meshEthiopia es_ES
dc.subject.meshFeeding Behavior es_ES
dc.subject.meshFemale es_ES
dc.subject.meshHumans es_ES
dc.subject.meshMale es_ES
dc.subject.meshNutritional Status es_ES
dc.subject.meshRural Population es_ES
dc.subject.meshSex Factors es_ES
dc.subject.meshSocioeconomic Factors es_ES
dc.subject.meshUrban Population es_ES
dc.subject.meshDiet es_ES
dc.titleLow Dietary Diversity and Intake of Animal Source Foods among School Aged Children in Libo Kemkem and Fogera Districts, Ethiopiaes_ES
dc.typejournal articlees_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.contributor.funderUBS Optimus Foundationes_ES
dc.contributor.funderInstituto de Salud Carlos III es_ES
dc.identifier.journalPloS onees_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accesses_ES

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