Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/4814
Guillain-Barré syndrome following the 2009 pandemic monovalent and seasonal trivalent influenza vaccination campaigns in Spain from 2009 to 2011: outcomes from active surveillance by a neurologist network, and records from a country-wide hospital discharge database
Alcalde-Cabero, Enrique ISCIII | Almazan-Isla, Javier ISCIII | Garcia Lopez, Fernando Jose ISCIII | Ara-Callizo, José Ramón | Avellanal, Fuencisla ISCIII | Casasnovas, Carlos | Cemillán, Carlos | Cuadrado, José Ignacio | Duarte, Jacinto | Fernández-Pérez, María Dolores | Fernández, Óscar | Merino, Juan Antonio García | Montero, Rosa García | Montero, Dolores | Pardo, Julio | Rodríguez-Rivera, Francisco Javier | Ruiz-Tovar, María ISCIII | Pedro-Cuesta, Jesus de ISCIII
BMC Neurol. 2016; 16:75
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown a slight excess risk in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) incidence associated with A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccination campaign and seasonal trivalent influenza vaccine immunisations in 2009-2010. We aimed to assess the incidence of GBS as a potential adverse effect of A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccination. METHODS: A neurologist-led network, active at the neurology departments of ten general hospitals serving an adult population of 4.68 million, conducted GBS surveillance in Spain in 2009-2011. The network, established in 1996, carried out a retrospective and a prospective study to estimate monthly alarm thresholds in GBS incidence and tested them in 1998-1999 in a pilot study. Such incidence thresholds additionally to observation of GBS cases with immunisation antecedent in the 42 days prior to clinical onset were taken as alarm signals for 2009-2011, since November 2009 onwards. For purpose of surveillance, in 2009 we updated both the available centres and the populations served by the network. We also did a retrospective countrywide review of hospital-discharged patients having ICD-9-CM code 357.0 (acute infective polyneuritis) as their principal diagnosis from January 2009 to December 2011. RESULTS: Among 141 confirmed of 148 notified cases of GBS or Miller-Fisher syndrome, Brighton 1-2 criteria in 96 %, not a single patient was identified with clinical onset during the 42-day time interval following A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccination. In contrast, seven cases were seen during a similar period after seasonal campaigns. Monthly incidence figures did not, however, exceed the upper 95 % CI limit of expected incidence. A retrospective countrywide review of the registry of hospital-discharged patients having ICD-9-CM code 357.0 (acute infective polyneuritis) as their principal diagnosis did not suggest higher admission rates in critical months across the period December 2009-February 2010. CONCLUSIONS: Despite limited power and underlying reporting bias in 2010-2011, an increase in GBS incidence over background GBS, associated with A(H1N1)pdm09 monovalent or trivalent influenza immunisations, appears unlikely
Guillain-Barré syndrome | Influenza A virus H1N1 subtype | Influenza vaccines | Public health surveillance | Safety | ICD-9-CM
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