Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/15208
Basolateral Sorting of the Sodium/Iodide Symporter Is Mediated by Adaptor Protein 1 Clathrin Adaptor Complexes
Thyroid. 2022 Oct;32(10):1259-1270.
Background: The sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) is a transmembrane protein located on the basolateral membrane of thyrocytes. Despite its physiological and clinical relevance, little is known about the mechanisms that mediate NIS subcellular sorting. In the present study, we examined NIS basolateral trafficking in vitro using non-thyroid and thyroid epithelial cells. Methods: Immunofluorescence and Western blotting were performed to analyze NIS subcellular location and function in cells grown in monolayers under unpolarized and/or polarized conditions. Strategic NIS residues were mutated, and binding of NIS to clathrin adaptor complexes was determined by immunoprecipitation. Results: We show that NIS reaches the plasma membrane (PM) through a thyrotropin-dependent mechanism 24 hours after treatment with the hormone. We demonstrate that NIS basolateral trafficking is a clathrin-mediated mechanism, in which the clathrin adaptor complexes AP-1 (A and B) sort NIS from the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and recycling endosomes (REs). Specifically, we show that the AP-1B μ1 subunit controls NIS basolateral sorting through common REs. In its absence, NIS is apically missorted but remains functional. Additionally, direct NIS basolateral transport from the TGN to the basolateral membrane is mediated by AP-1A through clathrin-coated vesicles that also carry the transferrin receptor. Loss of the μ1 subunit of AP-1A is functionally compensated by AP-1B. Furthermore, loss of both subunits diminishes NIS trafficking to the PM. Finally, we demonstrate that AP-1A binds to the L121 and LL562/563 residues on NIS, whereas AP-1B binds to L583. Conclusions: Our findings highlight the novel involvement of the clathrin-coated machinery in basolateral NIS trafficking. Given that AP-1A expression is reduced in tumors, and its expression correlates with that of NIS, these findings will help uncover new targets in thyroid cancer treatment.
Iodides | Symporters | Humans | Transcription Factor AP-1 | Clathrin | Receptors, Transferrin | Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport | Thyrotropin | Hormones | Sodium
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