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dc.contributor.authorGarcía San Miguel Rodríguez-Alarcón, Lucía
dc.contributor.authorFernandez Martinez, Beatriz 
dc.contributor.authorSierra Moros, María José
dc.contributor.authorVazquez, Ana 
dc.contributor.authorJulián Pachés, Paula
dc.contributor.authorGarcía Villacieros, Elena
dc.contributor.authorGómez Martín, María Belén
dc.contributor.authorFiguerola Borras, Jordi
dc.contributor.authorLorusso, Nicola
dc.contributor.authorRamos Aceitero, Julián Mauro
dc.contributor.authorMoro, Elena
dc.contributor.authorde Celis, Aránzazu
dc.contributor.authorOyonarte, Salvador
dc.contributor.authorMahillo, Beatriz
dc.contributor.authorRomero González, Luis José
dc.contributor.authorSánchez-Seco, María Paz 
dc.contributor.authorSuarez-Rodriguez, Berta 
dc.contributor.authorAmeyugo Catalán, Ulises
dc.contributor.authorRuiz Contreras, Santiago
dc.contributor.authorPerez-Olmeda, Mayte 
dc.contributor.authorSimón Soria, Fernando
dc.identifier.citationEuro Surveill. 2021 May;26(19).es_ES
dc.description.abstractCases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) in Spain increased in summer 2020. Here we report on this increase and the local, regional and national public health measures taken in response. We analysed data from regional surveillance networks and the National Epidemiological Surveillance Network, both for human and animal West Nile virus (WNV) infection. During the 2020 season, a total of 77 human cases of WNV infection (median age 65 years; 60% males) were detected in the south-west of Spain; 72 (94%) of these cases developed WNND, presenting as meningoencephalitis, seven of which were fatal. In the previous two decades, only six human cases of WNND were detected in Spain. Reduced activities for vector control this season, together with other factors, might have contributed to the massive increase. Public health measures including vector control, campaigns to raise awareness among physicians and the general population, and interventions to ensure the safety of donations of blood products, organs, cells and tissues were effective to reduce transmission. Going forward, maintenance of vector control activities and an update of the vector-borne diseases response plan in Spain is needed.es_ES
dc.publisherEuropean Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) es_ES
dc.subjectWest Nile feveres_ES
dc.subjectWest Nile viruses_ES
dc.subjectVector-borne infectionses_ES
dc.subjectViral infectionses_ES
dc.titleUnprecedented increase of West Nile virus neuroinvasive disease, Spain, summer 2020.es_ES
dc.typereview articlees_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.identifier.journalEuro Surveillancees_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Centro Nacional de Epidemiologíaes_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Centro Nacional de Microbiología
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accesses_ES

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Atribución 4.0 Internacional
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