Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/12680
Toll-Like Receptors in Acute Kidney Injury.
Vázquez-Carballo, Cristina | Guerrero-Hue, Melania | García-Caballero, Cristina | Rayego-Mateos, Sandra | Opazo-Ríos, Lucas | Morgado-Pascual, José Luis | Herencia-Bellido, Carmen | Vallejo-Mudarra, Mercedes | Cortegano, Isabel ISCIII | Gaspar, Maria Luisa ISCIII | Andres, Belen de ISCIII | Egido, Jesús | Moreno, Juan Antonio
Int J Mol Sci . 2021 Jan 15;22(2):816.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important health problem, affecting 13.3 million individuals/year. It is associated with increased mortality, mainly in low- and middle-income countries, where renal replacement therapy is limited. Moreover, survivors show adverse long-term outcomes, including increased risk of developing recurrent AKI bouts, cardiovascular events, and chronic kidney disease. However, there are no specific treatments to decrease the adverse consequences of AKI. Epidemiological and preclinical studies show the pathological role of inflammation in AKI, not only at the acute phase but also in the progression to chronic kidney disease. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are key regulators of the inflammatory response and have been associated to many cellular processes activated during AKI. For that reason, a number of anti-inflammatory agents targeting TLRs have been analyzed in preclinical studies to decrease renal damage during AKI. In this review, we updated recent knowledge about the role of TLRs, mainly TLR4, in the initiation and development of AKI as well as novel compounds targeting these molecules to diminish kidney injury associated to this pathological condition.
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