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dc.contributor.authorFigueiredo, Ana M
dc.contributor.authorde Carvalho, Luís Madeira
dc.contributor.authorGonzález, María J P
dc.contributor.authorTorres, Rita T
dc.contributor.authorPla, Samuel
dc.contributor.authorNúñez-Arjona, Juan C
dc.contributor.authorRueda, Carmen
dc.contributor.authorVallverdú-Coll, Núria
dc.contributor.authorSilvestre, Fernando
dc.contributor.authorPeña, Jorge
dc.contributor.authorCarmena, David 
dc.contributor.authorHabela, Miguel A
dc.contributor.authorCalero-Bernal, Rafael
dc.contributor.authorFonseca, Carlos
dc.contributor.authorNájera, Fernando
dc.identifier.citationPathogens . 2021 Mar 1;10(3):274.es_ES
dc.description.abstractThe Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is one of the most endangered felid species in the world. Conservation efforts have increased its population size and distribution and reinforced their genetic diversity through captive breeding and reintroduction programmes. Among several threats that the Iberian lynx faces, infectious and parasitic diseases have underlined effects on the health of their newly reintroduced populations, being essential to identify the primary sources of these agents and assess populations health status. To achieve this, 79 fresh faecal samples from Iberian lynx and sympatric mesocarnivores were collected in the reintroduction area of Extremadura, Spain. Samples were submitted to copromicroscopic analyses to assess parasite diversity, prevalence, and mean intensity of parasite burden. Overall, 19 (24.1%, ±15.1-35.0) samples were positive for at least one enteric parasite species. Parasite diversity and prevalence were higher in the Iberian lynx (43.8%) compared with the others mesocarnivores under study (e.g., the red fox Vulpes vulpes and the Egyptian mongoose Herpestes ichneumon). Ancylostomatidae and Toxocara cati were the most prevalent (15.6%) parasites. Obtained results revealed that Iberian lynx role as predator control might have reduced parasite cross-transmission between this felid and mesocarnivores due to their decreasing abundances. Surveillance programs must include regular monitoring of this endangered felid, comprising mesocarnivores, but also domestic/feral and wild cat communities.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by the European Union through its LIFE project Life + IBERLINCE (LIFE + 10NAT/ES/570) “Recuperación de la distribución histórica del lince ibérico (Lynx pardinus) en España y Portugal”. R. T. Torres is funded by national funds (OE), through FCT—Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P., in the scope of the framework contract foreseen in the numbers 4, 5, and 6 of the article 23, of the Decree-Law 57/2016, of 29 August, changed by Law 57/2017, of 19 July. Thanks are due to FCT/MCTES for the financial support to CESAM (UIDP/50017/2020 + UIDB/50017/2020) and CIISA Project UIDB/00276/2020 through national funds.es_ES
dc.publisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) es_ES
dc.subjectIberian lynxes_ES
dc.subjectToxocara caties_ES
dc.subjectTrichuris sp.es_ES
dc.titleParasites of the Reintroduced Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardinus) and Sympatric Mesocarnivores in Extremadura, Spain.es_ES
dc.typejournal articlees_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.contributor.funderUnión Europea 
dc.contributor.funderFundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (Portugal) 
dc.identifier.journalPathogens (Basel, Switzerland)es_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Centro Nacional de Microbiologíaes_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accesses_ES

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