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dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Barrio, David 
dc.contributor.authorJado, Isabel 
dc.contributor.authorViñuela, Javier
dc.contributor.authorGarcía, Jesús T
dc.contributor.authorOlea, Pedro P
dc.contributor.authorArce, Fernando
dc.contributor.authorRuiz-Fons, Francisco
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-07T09:02:07Z
dc.date.available2021-04-07T09:02:07Z
dc.date.issued2021-03-02
dc.identifier.citationAnimals (Basel) . 2021 Mar 2;11(3):654.es_ES
dc.identifier.issn2076-2615es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/12541
dc.description.abstractCoxiella burnetii, the causal agent of human Q fever and animal Coxiellosis, is a zoonotic infectious bacterium with a complex ecology that results from its ability to replicate in multiple (in)vertebrate host species. Spain notifies the highest number of Q fever cases to the ECDC annually and wildlife plays a relevant role in C. burnetii ecology in the country. However, the whole picture of C. burnetii hosts is incomplete, so this study seeks to better understand the role of micromammals in C. burnetii ecology in the country. Spleen samples from 816 micromammals of 10 species and 130 vaginal swabs from Microtus arvalis were analysed by qPCR to detect C. burnetii infection and shedding, respectively. The 9.7% of the spleen samples were qPCR positive. The highest infection prevalence (10.8%) was found in Microtus arvalis, in which C. burnetii DNA was also detected in 1 of the 130 vaginal swabs (0.8%) analysed. Positive samples were also found in Apodemus sylvaticus (8.7%), Crocidura russula (7.7%) and Rattus rattus (6.4%). Positive samples were genotyped by coupling PCR with reverse line blotting and a genotype II+ strain was identified for the first time in one of the positive samples from M. arvalis, whereas only partial results could be obtained for the rest of the samples. Acute Q fever was diagnosed in one of the researchers that participated in the study, and it was presumably linked to M. arvalis handling. The results of the study are consistent with previous findings suggesting that micromammals can be infected by C. burnetii. Our findings additionally suggest that micromammals may be potential sources to trace back the origin of human Q fever and animal Coxiellosis cases in Europe.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by grants CGL2011-30274 and CGL2015-71255-P of the Spanish Ministry for the Science and Innovation (MCI), and by the ‘Fundación BBVA’ Research Project TOPIGEPLA (2014 call). This is also a contribution to MCI-funded projects CGL2017-89866-R and E-RTA-2015-0002-C02-02. D.G.-B. was funded by MCI through Juan de la Cierva (FJCI-2016-27875) and ‘Sara Borrell’ (CD19CIII/00011) postdoctoral fellowships. GREFA provided partial financial support and invaluable logistic and workforce support for samplings in NW Spain, along with many students and staff from UAM.es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherMDPIes_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher's versiones_ES
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.subjectCoxiella burnetiies_ES
dc.subjectQ feveres_ES
dc.subjectmicromammalses_ES
dc.subjectzoonosises_ES
dc.titleInvestigating the Role of Micromammals in the Ecology of Coxiella burnetii in Spain.es_ES
dc.typeArtículoes_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.identifier.pubmedID33801164es_ES
dc.format.volume11es_ES
dc.format.number3es_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ani11030654es_ES
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Ciencia e Innovación (España)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderFundación BBVAes_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedes_ES
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.3390/ani11030654es_ES
dc.identifier.journalAnimals : an open access journal from MDPIes_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Centro Nacional de Microbiologíaes_ES
dc.repisalud.institucionISCIIIes_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/CGL2011-30274es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/CGL2015-71255-Pes_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/FJCI-2016-27875es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/ES/CD19CIII/00011es_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES


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