Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/11582
Molecular Identification, Antifungal Susceptibility Testing, and Mechanisms of Azole Resistance in Aspergillus Species Received within a Surveillance Program on Antifungal Resistance in Spain.
Rivero-Menendez, Olga ISCIII | Soto-Debran, Juan Carlos | Medina, Narda | Lucio, Jose | Mellado, Emilia ISCIII | Alastruey-Izquierdo, Ana ISCIII
Antimicrob Agents Chemother . 2019 Aug 23;63(9):e00865-19.
Antifungal resistance is one of the major causes of the increasing mortality rates for fungal infections, especially for those caused by Aspergillus spp. A surveillance program was established in 2014 in the Spanish National Center for Microbiology for tracking resistance in the most prevalent Aspergillus species. A total of 273 samples were included in the study and were initially classified as susceptible or resistant according to EUCAST breakpoints. Several Aspergillus cryptic species were found within the molecularly identified isolates. Cyp51 mutations were characterized for Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus terreus, and Aspergillus flavussensu stricto strains that were classified as resistant. Three A. fumigatus sensu stricto strains carried the TR34/L98H resistance mechanism, while two harbored G54R substitution and one harbored the TR46/Y121F/T289A mechanism. Seventeen strains had no mutations in cyp51A, with ten of them resistant only to isavuconazole. Three A. terreussensu stricto strains harbored D344N substitution in cyp51A, one of them combined with M217I, and another carried an A249G novel mutation. Itraconazole-resistant A. flavussensu stricto strains harbored P220L and H349R alterations in cyp51A and cyp51C, respectively, that need further investigation on their implication in azole resistance.
Amino Acid Substitution | Antifungal Agents | Aspergillosis | Aspergillus | Aspergillus flavus | Aspergillus fumigatus | Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System | Drug Resistance, Fungal | Fungal Proteins | Gene Expression | Itraconazole | Microbial Sensitivity Tests | Mutation | Nitriles | Public Health Surveillance | Pyridines | Spain | Triazoles | Voriconazole
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