Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/11066
Carbapenemase-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae From Transplanted Patients in Brazil: Phylogeny, Resistome, Virulome and Mobile Genetic Elements Harboring blaKPC-2 or blaNDM-1.
Front Microbiol . 2020 Jul 15;11:1563.
Carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (CP-Kp) is a major cause of infections in transplanted patients and has been associated with high mortality rates in this group. There is a lack of information about the Brazilian structure population of CP-Kp isolated from transplanted patients. By whole-genome sequencing (WGS), we analyzed phylogeny, resistome, virulome of CP-Kp isolates, and the structure of plasmids encoding blaKPC-2 and blaNDM-1 genes. One K. pneumoniae isolated from each selected transplanted patient colonized or infected by CP-Kp over a 16-month period in a hospital complex in Porto Alegre (Brazil) was submitted for WGS. The total number of strains sequenced was 80. The hospital complex in Porto Alegre comprised seven different hospitals. High-resolution SNP typing, core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST), resistance and virulence genes inference, and plasmid reconstruction were performed in 80 CP-Kp. The mortality rate of CP-Kp colonized or infected transplanted inpatients was 21.3% (17/80). Four CP-Kp epidemic clones were described: ST11/KPC-2, ST16/KPC-2, and ST15/NDM-1, all responsible for interhospital outbreaks; and ST437/KPC-2 affecting a single hospital. The average number of acquired resistance and virulence genes was 9 (range = 2-14) and 27 (range = 6-36), respectively. Two plasmids carrying the blaKPC-2 were constructed and belonged to IncN and IncM types. Additionally, an IncFIB plasmid carrying the blaNDM-1 was described. We detected intrahospital and interhospital spread of mobile structures and international K. pneumoniae clones as ST11, ST16, and ST15 among transplanted patients, which carry a significant range of acquired resistance and virulence genes and keep spreading across the world.
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