Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/10993
Proteomic Profiling of Retinoblastoma-Derived Exosomes Reveals Potential Biomarkers of Vitreous Seeding.
Galardi, Angela | Colletti, Marta | Lavarello, Chiara | Di Paolo, Virginia | Mascio, Paolo | Russo, Ida | Cozza, Raffaele | Romanzo, Antonino | Valente, Paola | De Vito, Rita | Pascucci, Luisa | Carcaboso, Angel M | Petretto, Andrea | Locatelli, Franco | Di Giannatale, Angela | Peinado Selgas, Hector CNIO
Cancers (Basel) . 2020;12(6):1555
Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common tumor of the eye in early childhood. Although recent advances in conservative treatment have greatly improved the visual outcome, local tumor control remains difficult in the presence of massive vitreous seeding. Traditional biopsy has long been considered unsafe in RB, due to the risk of extraocular spread. Thus, the identification of new biomarkers is crucial to design safer diagnostic and more effective therapeutic approaches. Exosomes, membrane-derived nanovesicles that are secreted abundantly by aggressive tumor cells and that can be isolated from several biological fluids, represent an interesting alternative for the detection of tumor-associated biomarkers. In this study, we defined the protein signature of exosomes released by RB tumors (RBT) and vitreous seeding (RBVS) primary cell lines by high resolution mass spectrometry. A total of 5666 proteins were identified. Among these, 5223 and 3637 were expressed in exosomes RBT and one RBVS group, respectively. Gene enrichment analysis of exclusively and differentially expressed proteins and network analysis identified in RBVS exosomes upregulated proteins specifically related to invasion and metastasis, such as proteins involved in extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling and interaction, resistance to anoikis and the metabolism/catabolism of glucose and amino acids.