Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/10272
Impact of pretransplant CMV-specific T-cell immune response in the control of CMV infection after solid organ transplantation: a prospective cohort study
Clin Microbiol Infect. 2019 Jun;25(6):753-758.
INTRODUCTION: Although solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients with pretransplant serology for cytomegalovirus (CMV-R+) are considered at intermediate risk for CMV infection post transplantation, CMV infection remains a major cause of morbidity in this population. We prospectively characterized whether having pretransplant CMV-specific cellular immunity is independently associated with controlling infection after transplantation in R + SOT recipients. METHODS: A prospective cohort of consecutive R + SOT recipients that received pre-emptive treatment for CMV infection was monitored after transplantation and variables were recorded during the follow-up. The cytomegalovirus-specific T-cell immune response was characterized by intracellular cytokine staining and viral loads determined using real-time PCR. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-five R + SOT recipients were included (67 kidney, 64 liver, four liver-kidney). Only one-third of the patients (42; 31.85%) had CMV-specific T-cell immunity (CD8+CD69+INF-γ+ T cells >0.25%) before transplantation. Patients with negative pretransplant immunity had more CMV infection (49, 52.7% vs. 15, 35.7%; p 0.07) and received more antiviral therapy than those with immunity (32, 34.4% vs. 6, 14.3%, p 0.016). Having CMV specific immunity was an independent factor for protection from developing viraemia ≥2000 IU/mL (OR 0.276, 95% CI 0.105-0.725, p < 0.01) and lower administration of treatment (OR 0.398, 95% CI 0.175-0.905, p 0.028). Only patients with no pretransplant CMV-specific T-cell response were diagnosed with CMV-disease (8, 8.6% vs. 0, 0%, p 0.05). DISCUSSION: Our results show that having a pretransplant CMV specific T-cell response may be associated with a lower rate of CMV viraemia and less antiviral treatment after transplantation; however, more prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings.
CMV | CMV-specific immune response | Cytomegalovirus infection | Replication episodes | Serological status | Solid organ transplantation
Adolescent | Adult | Aged | Cytokines | Cytomegalovirus | Cytomegalovirus Infections | Female | Humans | Male | Middle Aged | Organ Transplantation | Prospective Studies | Staining and Labeling | T-Lymphocytes | Viral Load | Young Adult
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