Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/9725
The mTOR pathway is necessary for survival of mice with short telomeres
Ferrara Romeo, Iole CNIO | Martinez Rodriguez, Paula CNIO | Saraswati, Sarita | Whittemore, Kurt CNIO | Graña Castro, Osvaldo CNIO | Thelma Poluha, Lydia | Serrano Ruiz, Rosa CNIO | Hernandez-Encinas, Elena | Blanco-Aparicio, Carmen CNIO | Maria Flores, Juana | Blasco , MA CNIO
Nat Commun. 2020 ;11(1):1168
Telomerase deficiency leads to age-related diseases and shorter lifespans. Inhibition of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) delays aging and age-related pathologies. Here, we show that telomerase deficient mice with short telomeres (G2-Terc-/-) have an hyper-activated mTOR pathway with increased levels of phosphorylated ribosomal S6 protein in liver, skeletal muscle and heart, a target of mTORC1. Transcriptional profiling confirms mTOR activation in G2-Terc-/- livers. Treatment of G2-Terc-/- mice with rapamycin, an inhibitor of mTORC1, decreases survival, in contrast to lifespan extension in wild-type controls. Deletion of mTORC1 downstream S6 kinase 1 in G3-Terc-/- mice also decreases longevity, in contrast to lifespan extension in single S6K1-/- female mice. These findings demonstrate that mTOR is important for survival in the context of short telomeres, and that its inhibition is deleterious in this setting. These results are of clinical interest in the case of human syndromes characterized by critically short telomeres.
EXTENDS LIFE-SPAN | TUBEROUS SCLEROSIS | MAMMALIAN TARGET | RAPAMYCIN | S6 KINASE | PROTEIN | GENE | CANCER | EXPRESSION | LENGTH