Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/8868
p21Cip1 plays a critical role in the physiological adaptation to fasting through activation of PPARα
Sci Rep. 2016 ;6:32512.
Fasting is a physiological stress that elicits well-known metabolic adaptations, however, little is known about the role of stress-responsive tumor suppressors in fasting. Here, we have examined the expression of several tumor suppressors upon fasting in mice. Interestingly, p21 mRNA is uniquely induced in all the tissues tested, particularly in liver and muscle (>10 fold), and this upregulation is independent of p53. Remarkably, in contrast to wild-type mice, p21-null mice become severely morbid after prolonged fasting. The defective adaptation to fasting of p21-null mice is associated to elevated energy expenditure, accelerated depletion of fat stores, and premature activation of protein catabolism in the muscle. Analysis of the liver transcriptome and cell-based assays revealed that the absence of p21 partially impairs the transcriptional program of PPARα, a key regulator of fasting metabolism. Finally, treatment of p21-null mice with a PPARα agonist substantially protects them from their accelerated loss of fat upon fasting. We conclude that p21 plays a relevant role in fasting adaptation through the positive regulation of PPARα.
Animals | Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 | Fasting | Male | Mice | Mice, Mutant Strains | PPAR alpha | Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 | Adaptation, Physiological
We are grateful to Orlando Dominguez for excellent technical assistance. We also thank Gema Iglesias for animal handling. E.L.-G. was recipient of a predoctoral contract from the Spanish Ministry of Education. P.J.F.-M. has been funded by the Spanish Association Against Cancer (aecc). Work in the laboratory of M.S. is funded by the CNIO and by grants from the Spanish Ministry of Economy co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund (SAF project), the European Research Council (ERC Advanced Grant), the Regional Government of Madrid co-funded by the European Social Fund (ReCaRe project), the Botin Foundation and Banco Santander (Santander Universities Global Division), the Ramon Areces Foundation, and the AXA Foundation.