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dc.contributor.authorBodega, Patricia 
dc.contributor.authorFernandez-Alvira, Juan Miguel 
dc.contributor.authorSantos-Beneit, Gloria 
dc.contributor.authorde Cos-Gandoy, Amaya 
dc.contributor.authorFernandez-Jimenez, Rodrigo 
dc.contributor.authorMoreno, Luis Alberto
dc.contributor.authorde Miguel, Mercedes 
dc.contributor.authorCarral, Vanesa
dc.contributor.authorOrrit, Xavier 
dc.contributor.authorCarvajal, Isabel
dc.contributor.authorStorniolo, Carolina E
dc.contributor.authorTresserra-Rimbau, Anna
dc.contributor.authorDoménech, Mónica
dc.contributor.authorEstruch, Ramón
dc.contributor.authorLamuela-Raventós, Rosa María
dc.contributor.authorFuster, Valentin
dc.identifier.citationNutrients. 2019; 11(10):E2297es_ES
dc.description.abstractPrevious studies on the association between dietary habits and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in adolescents have generated conflicting results. The aim of this study was to describe dietary patterns (DP) in a large sample of Spanish adolescents and to assess their cross-sectional relationship with CVRF. In total, 1324 adolescents aged 12.5 ± 0.4 years (51.6% boys) from 24 secondary schools completed a self-reported food frequency questionnaire. DPs were derived by cluster analysis and principal component analysis (PCA). Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, lipid profile, and glucose levels were assessed. Linear mixed models were applied to estimate the association between DPs and CVRF. Three DP-related clusters were obtained: Processed (29.2%); Traditional (39.1%); and Healthy (31.7%). Analogous patterns were obtained in the PCA. No overall differences in CVRF were observed between clusters except for z-BMI values, total cholesterol, and non-HDL cholesterol, with the Processed cluster showing the lowest mean values. However, differences were small. In conclusion, the overall association between DPs, as assessed by two different methods, and most analyzed CVRF was weak and not clinically relevant in a large sample of adolescents. Prospective analysis may help to disentangle the direction of these associations.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was funded by the SHE Foundation, the “la Caixa” Foundation (LCF/PR/CE16//10700001 and LCF/PR/MS19/12220001), and the Fundació la Marató de TV3 (369/C/2016). R.F-J. received funding from the European Union Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant No 707642. Support was also provided by the Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (AGL2016–75329-R) and Generalitat de Catalunya. The CNIC is supported by the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), the Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (MCNU) and the Pro CNIC Foundation, and is a Severo Ochoa Center of Excellence (SEV-2015-0505). A.T.-R. is supported by the Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades through a Juan de la Cierva-Formación postdoctoral fellowship (FJCI-2016-28694).es_ES
dc.publisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) es_ES
dc.subjectCardiovascular healthes_ES
dc.subjectCluster analysises_ES
dc.subjectDietary patternses_ES
dc.subjectPrincipal components analysises_ES
dc.titleDietary Patterns and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Spanish Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the SI! Program for Health Promotion in Secondary Schoolses_ES
dc.typejournal articlees_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.contributor.funderFundación ProCNIC 
dc.contributor.funderFundación SHE
dc.contributor.funderFundación La Caixa 
dc.contributor.funderFundación La Marató TV3 
dc.contributor.funderUnión Europea. Comisión Europea 
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (España) 
dc.contributor.funderGovernment of Catalonia (España) 
dc.contributor.funderInstituto de Salud Carlos III 
dc.repisalud.orgCNICCNIC::Grupos de investigación::Laboratorio Traslacional para la Imagen y Terapia Cardiovasculares_ES
dc.repisalud.orgCNICCNIC::Grupos de investigación::Investigación Cardiovascular Traslacional Multidisciplinariaes_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accesses_ES

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