Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/14671
Intravenous metoprolol during ongoing STEMI ameliorates markers of ischemic injury: a METOCARD-CNIC trial electrocardiographic study.
Díaz-Munoz, Raquel | Valle-Caballero, María José | Sanchez-Gonzalez, Javier CNIC | Pizarro, Gonzalo CNIC | García-Rubira, Juan Carlos | Escalera, Noemi | Fuster, Valentin CNIC | Fernandez-Jimenez, Rodrigo CNIC | Ibanez, Borja CNIC
Basic Res Cardiol. 2021 Jul 19;116(1):45.
Besides its protective effect against neutrophil-mediated injury at reperfusion, intravenous (IV) metoprolol was recently shown to reduce the progression of ischemic injury in a pig model of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Here, we tested the hypothesis that IV metoprolol administration in humans with ongoing STEMI blunts the time‑dependent progression of ischemic injury assessed by serial electrocardiogram (ECG) evaluations before reperfusion. The METOCARD-CNIC trial randomized 270 anterior STEMI patients to IV metoprolol or control before reperfusion by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In 139 patients (69 IV metoprolol, 70 controls), two ECGs were available (ECG-1 before randomization, ECG-2 pre-PCI). Between-group ECG differences were analyzed using univariate and multivariate regression models. No significant between-group differences were observed on ECG-1. On ECG-2, patients who received IV metoprolol had a narrower QRS than those in the control group (84 ms vs. 90 ms, p = 0.029), a lower prevalence of QRS distortion (10% vs. 26%, p = 0.017), and a lower sum of anterior and total ST-segment elevation (10.1 mm vs. 13.6 mm, p = 0.014 and 10.4 mm vs. 14.0 mm, p = 0.015, respectively). Adjusted analysis revealed similar results. Significant associations were observed between ECG-2 variables and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging measurements (extent of myocardial edema, infarct size, microvascular obstruction, and left-ventricular ejection fraction) after STEMI. In summary, IV metoprolol administration before reperfusion ameliorates ECG markers of myocardial ischemia in anterior STEMI patients. These data confirm that IV metoprolol is able to reduce ischemic injury and highlight the ability of ECG analysis to provide relevant real-time information on the effect of cardioprotective therapies before reperfusion.
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