Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/14099
Síndrome de Johnson-McMillin: Descripción del primer paciente de España
Boletín del ECEMC: Rev Dismor Epidemiol 2011; VI (nº 2): 12-17
The JMS (OMIM: 147770) is a rare autosomal dominant neuroectodermal disorder characterized by alopecia, ear malformations, conductive hearing loss, anosmia/hyposmia, and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Morover, some additional features have been described so far (congenital heart defect, cleft palate, mild facial asymmetry, tendency to caries, and mental retardation). Herein we report on a patient with this condition who exhibits many of the features previously described, including alopecia, malformed auricles, conductive hearing loss, facial asymmetry, and developmental delay. Interestingly, she also has features that have not been reported yet, such as preauricular pits and tags, broad depressions at the external lateral areas close to the eyes, and an abnormal left lower eyelid. This phenotype supports the involvement of the ectoderm and neuroectoderm of the first two branchial arches in the embryologic basis of this condition. Indeed, alopecia, dental anomalies, defects of the choanae, part of the palatal valves, hypothalamic axis and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, of epidermic origin, are derived from the ectoderm. Other defects as craniofacial alterations, including inner ear, preauricular tags, ear pits, and even microtia, and facial palsy, are derived from the neural crest, as also are the cardiac malformations. As far as we have known, the patient described here, represents the first case published from Spain
Dismorfología y Genética Clínica
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