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dc.contributor.authorZradziński, Patryk
dc.contributor.authorKarpowicz, Jolanta
dc.contributor.authorGryz, Krzysztof
dc.contributor.authorRamos-Gonzalez, Maria Victoria
dc.identifier.citationSensors (Basel). 2019 Dec 30;20(1). pii: E202.es_ES
dc.description.abstractThe aim is to evaluate specific absorption rate (SAR) values from exposure near handheld ultra-high frequency radiofrequency identification readers (UHF RFID guns-small electronic devices, or even portable computers with relevant accessories-emitting up to several watts of electromagnetic field (EMF) to search for RFID sensors (tags) attached to marked objects), in order to test the hypothesis that they have an insignificant environmental influence. Simulations of SAR in adult male and female models in seven exposure scenarios (gun near the head, arm, chest, hip/thigh of the operator searching for tags, or near to the chest and arm of the scanned person or a bystander). The results showed EMF exposure compliant with SAR limits for general public exposure (ICNIRP/European Recommendation 1999/519/EC) at emissions up to 1 W (reading range 3.5-11 m, depending on tag sensitivity). In the worst-case scenario, guns with a reading range exceeding 5 m (>2 W emission) may cause an SAR exceeding the general public limits in the palm of the user and the torso of the user, a bystander, or a scanned person; occupational exposure limits may be exceeded when emission >5 W. Users of electronic medical implants and pregnant women should be treated as individuals at particular risk in close proximity to guns, even at emissions of 1 W. Only UHF RFID guns emitting below 1 W may be considered as environmentally insignificant EMF sources.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipResults of a research task (II.N.18) carried out within the National Programme “Improvement of safety and working conditions” partly supported in Poland in 2017–2019—within the scope of research and development—by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education/National Centre for Research and Development (Central Institute for Labour Protection—National Research Institute was the Programme’s main co-ordinator) and by the project ‘Electromagnetic Characterisation in Smart Environments of Healthcare and their involvement in Personnel. Occupational and Environmental Health’ (PI14CIII/00056) funding from Sub-Directorate-General for Research Assessment and Promotion in Spain (Instituto de Salud Carlos III).es_ES
dc.publisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) es_ES
dc.subjectBiomedical engineeringes_ES
dc.subjectEnvironmental engineeringes_ES
dc.subjectNumerical simulationses_ES
dc.subjectOccupational exposurees_ES
dc.subjectPublic healthes_ES
dc.subjectRadiofrequency sensores_ES
dc.subjectSpecific energy absorption rate (SAR)es_ES
dc.titleAn Evaluation of Electromagnetic Exposure While Using Ultra-High Frequency Radiofrequency Identification (UHF RFID) Gunses_ES
dc.typejournal articlees_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.contributor.funderInstituto de Salud Carlos III 
dc.identifier.journalSensors (Basel, Switzerland)es_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Unidad de Investigación en Telemedicina y eSaludes_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsopen accesses_ES

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Atribución 4.0 Internacional
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