Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/8561
Low prevalence of Leishmania infection in post-epidemic areas of Libo Kemkem, Ethiopia
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012 Jun;86(6):955-8. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0436.
In Libo Kemkem (a district of Amhara region, Ethiopia), no cases of kala-azar had ever been reported until 2005 when an outbreak occurred. Over one-third of those cases were children under 15 years of age. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of Leishmania infection in children aged 4-15 years. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2009. Children participating in the survey were selected using a three-stage cluster sampling method. A total of 386 children were included in the study. The overall prevalence of Leishmania infection (direct agglutination test- and/or rK39 immunochromatographic test- and/or leishmanin skin test-positive subjects) in this population was 1.02% (95% confidence interval = 0-4.54), and prevalence was higher in boys and children older than 12 years. Only one case of active disease was encountered. The results suggest that the conditions responsible for the outbreak no longer reign. However, active surveillance remains necessary.
Adolescent | Agglutination Tests | Antigens, Protozoan | Child | Child, Preschool | Cross-Sectional Studies | Ethiopia | Female | Humans | Leishmania | Leishmaniasis, Visceral | Male | Prevalence | Skin Tests | Epidemics
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