Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/7976
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Vpu Protein Enhances Membrane Permeability†
Biochemistry 37 (39) 13710-13719
Infection of T lymphocytes by the human immunodeficiency virus causes drastic alterations in the intracellular cation content of the infected cells. The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 genome encodes several accessory proteins, including Vpu, an integral membrane protein that forms ion channels in planar lipid bilayers. The effect of Vpu on the permeability of the plasma membrane to several molecules has been analyzed. Expression of vpu in Escherichia coli cells increases membrane permeability to a number of molecules such as 2-nitrophenyl beta-D-galactopyranoside, uridine, the impermeable translation inhibitor hygromycin B, and lysozyme. In addition, transient expression of Vpu in eukaryotic COS cells enhances entry of charged molecules such as hygromycin B and neurobiotin into these cells. The effect of Vpu on cell membrane permeability resembles that reported for other membrane-active proteins from different animal viruses, including influenza M2, Semliki Forest virus 6K, and poliovirus 2B and 3A proteins.
Animals | COS Cells | Cercopithecus aethiops | Cloning, Molecular | Escherichia coli | Gene Expression Regulation, Viral | HIV-1 | Human Immunodeficiency Virus Proteins | Humans | Subcellular Fractions | Transfection | Viral Regulatory and Accessory Proteins | Cell Membrane Permeability
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