Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/7892
Cancer stem cells from human glioblastoma resemble but do not mimic original tumors after <i>in vitro</i> passaging in serum-free media
García-Romero, Noemí | González-Tejedo, Carmen | Carrión-Navarro, Josefa | Esteban-Rubio, Susana | Rackov, Gorjana | Rodríguez-Fanjul, Vanessa | La Cruz, Jorge Oliver-De | Prat-Acín, Ricardo | Peris-Celda, María | Blesa, David | Ramírez-Jiménez, Laura | Sanchez-Gomez, Pilar ISCIII | Perona, Rosario | Escobedo-Lucea, Carmen | Belda-Iniesta, Cristobal ISCIII | Ayuso-Sacido, Angel
Oncotarget. 2016 Oct 4; 7(40): 65888–65901
Human gliomas harbour cancer stem cells (CSCs) that evolve along the course of the disease, forming highly heterogeneous subpopulations within the tumour mass. These cells possess self-renewal properties and appear to contribute to tumour initiation, metastasis and resistance to therapy. CSC cultures isolated from surgical samples are considered the best preclinical in vitro model for primary human gliomas. However, it is not yet well characterized to which extent their biological and functional properties change during in vitro passaging in the serum-free culture conditions. Here, we demonstrate that our CSC-enriched cultures harboured from one to several CSC clones from the human glioma sample. When xenotransplanted into mouse brain, these cells generated tumours that reproduced at least three different dissemination patterns found in original tumours. Along the passages in culture, CSCs displayed increased expression of stem cell markers, different ratios of chromosomal instability events, and a varied response to drug treatment. Our findings highlight the need for better characterization of CSC-enriched cultures in the context of their evolution in vitro, in order to uncover their full potential as preclinical models in the studies aimed at identifying molecular biomarkers and developing new therapeutic approaches of human gliomas.
Animals | Antineoplastic Agents | Apoptosis | Biomarkers, Tumor | Brain Neoplasms | Cell Culture Techniques | Cell Proliferation | Culture Media, Serum-Free | Female | Glioblastoma | Humans | In Vitro Techniques | Mice | Mice, Inbred BALB C | Mice, Nude | Neoplastic Stem Cells | Prognosis | Tumor Cells, Cultured | Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
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