Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/7627
Identification of a cluster of HIV-1 controllers infected with low replicating viruses
Casado, Concepcion ISCIII | Pernas, Maria ISCIII | Sandonis-Martin, Virginia ISCIII | Alvaro-Cifuentes, Tamara ISCIII | Olivares, Isabel ISCIII | Fuentes-Fernandez, Rosa ISCIII | Martínez-Prats, Lorena | Grau, Eulalia | Ruiz, Lidia | Delgado, Rafael | Rodríguez, Carmen | del Romero, Jorge | Lopez-Galindez, Luis Cecilio ISCIII
PLoS One. 2013 Oct 30;8(10):e77663.
Long term non-progressor patients (LTNPs) are characterized by the natural control of HIV-1 infection. This control is related to host genetic, immunological and virological factors. In this work, phylogenetic analysis of the proviral nucleotide sequences in env gene from a Spanish HIV-1 LTNPs cohort identified a cluster of 6 HIV-1 controllers infected with closely-related viruses. The patients of the cluster showed common clinical and epidemiological features: drug user practices, infection in the same city (Madrid, Spain) and at the same time (late 70's-early 80's). All cluster patients displayed distinct host alleles associated with HIV control. Analysis of the virus envelope nucleotide sequences showed ancestral characteristic, lack of evolution and presence of rare amino-acids. Biological characterization of recombinant viruses with the envelope proteins from the cluster viruses showed very low replicative capacity in TZMbl and U87-CD4/CCR5 cells. The lack of clinical progression in the viral cluster patients with distinct combinations of protective host genotypes, but infected by low replicating viruses, indicate the important role of the virus in the non-progressor phenotype in these patients.
Alleles | Disease Progression | Female | Genes, env | HIV Infections | HIV Long-Term Survivors | HIV-1 | Humans | Male | Phylogeny | Spain | Virus Replication | env Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
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