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dc.contributor.authorFernandez-Navarro, Pablo 
dc.contributor.authorAragones, María Teresa
dc.contributor.authorLey, Victoria
dc.identifier.citationPLoS One. 2018 Jan 19;13(1):e0191542.es_ES
dc.description.abstractOur aims were to describe physical activity (PA) behaviour in Spain and to examine its association with the prevalence of some of the major non-communicable diseases and with the use of prescription medication. Individualized secondary data retrieved from the 2014 European Health Interview Survey (EHIS) for Spain were used to conduct a cross-sectional epidemiological study (n = 18926). PA was assessed by two different measures: a specific designed variable for EHIS and a leisure time PA frequency-based query of the national survey. Diseases analyzed were hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, depression and anxiety. The use of prescription medication was also included in the study. Weighted percentages were computed and contingency tables were calculated to describe PA by levels of the traits and sociodemographic characteristics. Chi-square test was used to compare percentages between groups and weighted logistic regression models were used to assess the relationship between PA and the prevalence of the disease. About 73% of the Spanish population performs no PA at all or only occasionally during their leisure time, and only one third meets minimum PA international guidelines (≥ 150min/week). Men are considerably more active than women and less PA is observed as the education level decreases and as age increases. The risk of the diseases evaluated was up to three times higher among inactive individuals. This study provides national population-based estimations highlighting the impact of PA in Spain, not only in the prevalence of some of the major non-communicable diseases but also in reducing prescription medication, and the potential sex and socioeconomic influence.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by EPY 1271/15 from Spain's Health Research Fund, Instituto de Salud Carlos III; PFN is the PI of the project. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.es_ES
dc.publisherPublic Library of Sciencees_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher's versiones_ES
dc.subject.meshAdolescent es_ES
dc.subject.meshAdult es_ES
dc.subject.meshAged es_ES
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studies es_ES
dc.subject.meshFemale es_ES
dc.subject.meshHealth Surveys es_ES
dc.subject.meshHumans es_ES
dc.subject.meshLogistic Models es_ES
dc.subject.meshMale es_ES
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged es_ES
dc.subject.meshNoncommunicable Diseases es_ES
dc.subject.meshPrevalence es_ES
dc.subject.meshRisk Factors es_ES
dc.subject.meshSedentary Lifestylees_ES
dc.subject.meshSex Factors es_ES
dc.subject.meshSocioeconomic Factors es_ES
dc.subject.meshSpain es_ES
dc.subject.meshYoung Adult es_ES
dc.subject.meshExercise es_ES
dc.subject.meshLeisure Activities es_ES
dc.subject.meshPrescription Drugs es_ES
dc.titleLeisure-time physical activity and prevalence of non-communicable pathologies and prescription medication in Spaines_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.contributor.funderInstituto de Salud Carlos III - ISCIIIes_ES
dc.identifier.journalPloS onees_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Centro Nacional de Epidemologíaes_ES

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