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dc.contributor.authorRomay-Barja, Maria 
dc.contributor.authorNcogo, Policarpo
dc.contributor.authorNseng, Gloria
dc.contributor.authorSantana-Morales, Maria A
dc.contributor.authorHerrador, Zaida 
dc.contributor.authorBerzosa, Pedro 
dc.contributor.authorValladares, Basilio
dc.contributor.authorRiloha, Matilde
dc.contributor.authorBenito, Agustin
dc.identifier.citationPLoS One. 2016 Dec 30;11(12):e0168668.es_ES
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVES: Adequate community knowledge about malaria is crucial in order to improve prevention by reducing exposure to the disease. Malaria is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among children of less than five years of age in Equatorial Guinea. However, information concerning the accuracy of community knowledge is insufficient. This study aimed at assessing the depth of caregivers' knowledge of malaria, their beliefs and attitudes about this disease, and their socioeconomic determinants in the Bata district of Equatorial Guinea. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the district of Bata, involving 440 houses selected from 18 rural villages and 26 urban neighbourhoods. A combined "Malaria Knowledge Score" was generated based on caregivers' knowledge about transmission, symptoms, prevention, the treatment of children, and best place to seek treatment. Multivariate logistic regressions analyses were performed to assess those factors that are associated with knowledge about malaria. RESULTS: A total of 428 caregivers were interviewed; 255 (59.6%) and 173 (40.4%) lived in urban and rural areas respectively. Significant differences between rural and urban households were observed in caregivers' malaria knowledges and beliefs. Almost 42% of urban and 65% of rural caregivers were unaware as to how malaria is transmitted (OR = 2.69; 95% CI: 1.78-4.05). Together with rurality, the factors most significantly associated with the Malaria Knowledge were the level of education of the caregiver and the socioeconomic status of the household. CONCLUSIONS: Improvements in educational programs are needed to empower the most vulnerable households such that they can pro-actively implement malaria control measures. This could be achieved by a comprehensive communication strategy aimed at changing individual and community behaviours, and delivered by suitably trained community health workers and indoor residual spraying personnel.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by the Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional (AECID), TREG1415/11,; and the Tropical Diseases Research Network (RICET), RD12/0018/0001, The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.es_ES
dc.publisherPublic Library of Sciencees_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher's versiones_ES
dc.subject.meshAdolescent es_ES
dc.subject.meshAdult es_ES
dc.subject.meshCaregivers es_ES
dc.subject.meshCommunity Health Workers es_ES
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studies es_ES
dc.subject.meshCulture es_ES
dc.subject.meshEquatorial Guinea es_ES
dc.subject.meshFamily Characteristics es_ES
dc.subject.meshFemale es_ES
dc.subject.meshHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, Practicees_ES
dc.subject.meshHumans es_ES
dc.subject.meshMalaria es_ES
dc.subject.meshMale es_ES
dc.subject.meshMiddle Aged es_ES
dc.subject.meshPatient Acceptance of Health Care es_ES
dc.subject.meshRural Population es_ES
dc.subject.meshSocioeconomic Factors es_ES
dc.subject.meshYoung Adult es_ES
dc.titleCaregivers' Malaria Knowledge, Beliefs and Attitudes, and Related Factors in the Bata District, Equatorial Guineaes_ES
dc.rights.licenseAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.contributor.funderRed de Investigación Cooperativa en Enfermedades Tropicales (España)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderAgencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrolloes_ES
dc.identifier.journalPloS onees_ES
dc.repisalud.centroISCIII::Centro Nacional de Medicina Tropicales_ES

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