Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/6673
Myeloid cell deficiency of p38 gamma/p38 delta protects against candidiasis and regulates antifungal immunity
Alsina-Beauchamp, Dayanira | Escos, Alejandra | Fajardo, Pilar | Gonzalez-Romero, Diego | Diaz-Mora, Ester | Risco, Ana | Martin-Serrano, Miguel A. | del Fresno, Carlos CNIC | Dominguez-Andres, Jorge | Aparicio, Noelia | Zur, Rafal | Shpiro, Natalia | Brown, Gordon D. | Ardavin, Carlos | Netea, Mihai G | Alemany, Susana | Sanz-Ezquerro, Juan J. | Cuenda, Ana
EMBO Mol Med. 2018; 10(5):e8485
Candida albicans is a frequent aetiologic agent of sepsis associated with high mortality in immunocompromised patients. Developing new antifungal therapies is a medical need due to the low efficiency and resistance to current antifungal drugs. Here, we show that p38 gamma and p38 delta regulate the innate immune response to C.albicans. We describe a new TAK1-TPL2-MKK1-ERK1/2 pathway in macrophages, which is activated by Dectin-1 engagement and positively regulated by p38 gamma/p38 delta. In mice, p38 gamma/p38 delta deficiency protects against C.albicans infection by increasing ROS and iNOS production and thus the antifungal capacity of neutrophils and macrophages, and by decreasing the hyper-inflammation that leads to severe host damage. Leucocyte recruitment to infected kidneys and production of inflammatory mediators are decreased in p38 beta/delta-null mice, reducing septic shock. p38 gamma/p38 delta in myeloid cells are critical for this effect. Moreover, pharmacological inhibition of p38 gamma/p38 delta in mice reduces fungal burden, revealing that these p38MAPKs may be therapeutic targets for treating C. albicans infection in humans.
Candida albicans | infection | kinase inhibitor | p38MAPK | signalling | PATTERN-RECOGNITION RECEPTORS | TNF-ALPHA PRODUCTION | LOCI-2 TPL2 KINASE | INNATE IMMUNITY | IN-VIVO | INVASIVE CANDIDIASIS | CROSS-TALK | INFLAMMATION | P38-GAMMA | P38-DELTA
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