Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/5524
T Helper 17/Regulatory T Cell Balance and Experimental Models of Peritoneal Dialysis-Induced Damage
Biomed Res Int. 2015; 2015:416480
Fibrosis is a general complication in many diseases. It is the main complication during peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatment, a therapy for renal failure disease. Local inflammation and mesothelial to mesenchymal transition (MMT) are well known key phenomena in peritoneal damage during PD. New data suggest that, in the peritoneal cavity, inflammatory changes may be regulated at least in part by a delicate balance between T helper 17 and regulatory T cells. This paper briefly reviews the implication of the Th17/Tregaxis in fibrotic diseases. Moreover, it compares current evidences described in PD animal experimental models, indicating a loss of Th17/Treg balance (Th17 predominance) leading to peritoneal damage during PD. In addition, considering the new clinical and animal experimental data, new therapeutic strategies to reduce the Th17 response and increase the regulatory T response are proposed. Thus, future goals should be to develop new clinical biomarkers to reverse this immune misbalance and reduce peritoneal fibrosis in PD.
ROR-GAMMA-T | MESENCHYMAL TRANSITION | AUTOIMMUNE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS | MESOTHELIAL CELLS | PULMONARY INFLAMMATION | MOLECULAR-MECHANISMS | IL-6-DEFICIENT MICE | IL-17 EXPRESSION | IMMUNE-RESPONSE | GROWTH-FACTOR
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