Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12105/5275
Polymorphisms associated with everolimus pharmacokinetics, toxicity and survival in metastatic breast cancer
Plos One. 2017; 12 (7): e0180192
PURPOSE: Metastatic breast cancer (MBC) progressing after endocrine therapy frequently activates PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. The BOLERO-2 trial showed that everolimus-exemestane achieves increased progression free survival (PFS) compared with exemestane. However, there is great inter-patient variability in toxicity and response to exemestane-everolimus treatment. The objective of this study was to perform an exploratory study analyzing the implication of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on outcomes from this treatment through a pharmacogenetic analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Blood was collected from 90 postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative MBC treated with exemestane-everolimus following progression after prior treatment with a non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor. Everolimus pharmacokinetics was measured in 37 patients. Twelve SNPs in genes involved in everolimus pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics were genotyped and associations assessed with drug plasma levels, clinically relevant toxicities (non-infectious pneumonitis, mucositis, hyperglycemia and hematological toxicities), dose reductions or treatment suspensions due to toxicity, progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival. RESULTS: We found that CYP3A4 rs35599367 variant (CYP3A4*22 allele) carriers had higher everolimus blood concentration compared to wild type patients (P = 0.019). ABCB1 rs1045642 was associated with risk of mucositis (P = 0.031), while PIK3R1 rs10515074 and RAPTOR rs9906827 were associated with hyperglycemia and non-infectious pneumonitis (P = 0.016 and 0.024, respectively). Furthermore, RAPTOR rs9906827 was associated with PFS (P = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: CYP3A4*22 allele influenced plasma concentration of everolimus and several SNPs in PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway genes were associated with treatment toxicities and prognosis. These results require replication, but suggest that germline variation could influence everolimus outcomes in MBC.
Adult | Aged | Antineoplastic Agents | Breast Neoplasms | Disease-Free Survival | Everolimus | Female | Genotype | Humans | Middle Aged | Pharmacogenetics | Prognosis | Survival Rate | Treatment Outcome | Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
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