Recent Submissions

Educational Gradients in Drinking Amount and Heavy Episodic Drinking among Working-Age Men and Women in Spain 

Alcohol-related harm decreases as socioeconomic position increases, although sometimes the opposite happens with alcohol intake. The objective was to know the educational gradient in monthly measures of drinking amount and heavy episodic drinking (HED) among people aged 25-64 years in Spain from 19...

Ocular surface health of the Finnish elderly population 

Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical ocular surface characteristics in a population-based sample of Finnish elderly people. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 601 subjects (335 females, 266 males) born between the years 1933-1956 and living in Savitaipale, Finland. ...

Everyday Lives of Middle-Aged Persons with Multimorbidity: A Mixed Methods Systematic Review 

The healthcare burden of patients with multimorbidity may negatively affect their family lives, leisure time and professional activities. This mixed methods systematic review synthesizes studies to assess how multimorbidity affects the everyday lives of middle-aged persons, and identifies skills an...

Evolución de la mortalidad atribuible al alcohol en España según edad, sexo, causa de muerte y tipo de bebedor (2001-2017) 

[ES] En España no hay estimaciones recientes de la mortalidad atribuible a alcohol con datos de consumo de alcohol españoles. El objetivo es estimarla y conocer la evolución entre 2001 y 2017 en personas ≥15 años, según sexo, edad, periodo, causa de muerte y tipo de bebedor. Se utilizó el enfoque c...

Metodología utilizada para estimar la mortalidad atribuible a alcohol en España, 2001-2017 

[ES] El objetivo es describir y discutir los métodos y asunciones para estimar la mortalidad atribuible a alcohol en España en 2001-2017. Se estimó el nº medio anual de muertes atribuibles a alcohol (MAAs) basándose en 19 grupos de causas de muerte relacionadas con alcohol (18 parcialmente atribuib...

Rating Scales for Movement Disorders With Sleep Disturbances: A Narrative Review 

Introduction: In recent years, a wide variety of rating scales and questionnaires for movement disorders have been developed and published, making reviews on their contents, and attributes convenient for the potential users. Sleep disorders are frequently present in movement disorders, and some mov...

Effect of excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages in Catalonia, Spain, three and a half years after its introduction 

Background: The World Health Organisation urges countries to levy specifc excise taxes on SSBs. Currently, more than 50 countries have introduced some type of tax on SSBs. In March 2017, the Autonomous Region of Catalonia approved the introduction of a tiered excise tax on SSBs for public health re...

Comentario del CEIPV a las nuevas Guías Europeas de Prevención Cardiovascular 2021 

[ES] Presentamos la adaptación española de las Guías Europeas de Prevención Cardiovascular 2021. En esta actualización además del abordaje individual, se pone mucho más énfasis en las políticas sanitarias como estrategia de prevención poblacional. Se recomienda el cálculo del riesgo vascular de man...

Evaluation of the lights4violence program: reduction in machismo and acceptance of violence among adolescents in Europe 

Background: Machismo and acceptance of violence (AV) against women are part of the social construction of hegemonic masculinity and are related to the risk of dating violence. This study aims to analyze the efectiveness of the Lights4Violence program in reducing machismo and AV in secondary school ...

Do we have friendly services to meet the needs of young women exposed to intimate partner violence in the Madrid region? 

Introduction: Women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) do not tend to go very frequently to formal support services. The objective of this study is to identify barriers related to the accessibility, acceptability, equity, appropriateness and effectiveness of IPV services from the perspect...

Psychosocial determinants for adherence to a healthy lifestyle and intervention participation in the FINGER trial: an exploratory analysis of a randomised clinical trial 

Background and aims Psychosocial factors may afect adherence to lifestyle interventions and lifestyle changes. The role of psychosocial factors in dementia prevention needs more research. We aimed at clarify the issue in the Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and D...

Effectiveness of a group educational intervention - prolact - in primary care to promote exclusive breastfeeding: a cluster randomized clinical trial 

Background: The rates of exclusive breastfeeding at 6months in Spain are far from recommended by the World Health Organization, which is 50% by 2025. Evidence of the efectiveness of group interventions in late postpartum is limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efectiveness of th...

Parkinson's Disease Severity at 3 Years Can Be Predicted from Non-Motor Symptoms at Baseline 

Objective: The aim of this study is to present a predictive model of Parkinson's disease (PD) global severity, measured with the Clinical Impression of Severity Index for Parkinson's Disease (CISI-PD). Methods: This is an observational, longitudinal study with annual follow-up assessments over 3 ye...

Mortality in Persons With Autism Spectrum Disorder or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis 

Importance: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are childhood-onset disorders that may persist into adulthood. Several studies have suggested that they may be associated with an increased risk of mortality; however, the results are inconsistent. Object...

Effects of local factors on adaptation to heat in Spain (1983-2018) 

The European Union is currently immersed in policy development to address the effects of climate change around the world. Key plans and processes for facilitating adaptation to high temperatures and for reducing the adverse effects on health are among the most urgent measures. Therefore, it is nece...

Integrating technical and political views for a sustainable European Distributed Infrastructure on Population Health 

Background: Non-Communicable diseases (NCD) are the main contributors to mortality and burden of disease. There is no infrastructure in Europe that could provide health information (HI) on Public Health monitoring and Health Systems Performance (HSP) for research and evidence-informed decision-maki...

Burden of non-communicable disease studies in Europe: a systematic review of data sources and methodological choices 

Background: Assessment of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) resulting from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) requires specific calculation methods and input data. The aims of this study were to (i) identify existing NCD burden of disease (BoD) activities in Europe; (ii) collate information on d...

Effect of the Lights4Violence intervention on the sexism of adolescents in European countries 

Background: Sexism results in a number of attitudes and behaviors that contribute to gender inequalities in social structure and interpersonal relationships. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Lights4Violence, an intervention program based on promoting health assets to...