Recent Submissions

Transparency, openness, and reproducible research practices are frequently underused in health economic evaluations 

Objectives: To investigate the extent to which articles of economic evaluations of healthcare interventions indexed in MEDLINE incorporate research practices that promote transparency, openness, and reproducibility. Study design and setting: We evaluated a random sample of health economic evaluatio...

The Novel Ceramide- and Phosphatidylcholine-Based Risk Score for the Prediction of New-Onset of Hypertension 

Ceramides and other sphingolipids are implicated in vascular dysfunction and inflammation. They have been suggested as potential biomarkers for hypertension. However, their specific association with hypertension prevalence and onset requires further investigation. This study aimed to identify speci...

Traffic Density Exposure, Oxidative Stress Biomarkers and Plasma Metabolomics in a Population-Based Sample: The Hortega Study 

Exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) generates oxidative stress, with downstream effects at the metabolic level. Human studies of traffic density and metabolomic markers, however, are rare. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the cross-sectional association between traffic ...

Noise Perception and Health Effects on Population: A Cross-Sectional Study on COVID-19 Lockdown by Noise Sources for Spanish Dwellings 

An online questionnaire on the subjective response to noise was created to collect national experiences from households during the first COVID-19 wave (from 14 March to 21 June). In this study, different noise sources (general noise, but also noise from neighbors, common areas, facilities, premises...

Natural ventilation as a healthy habit during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic: An analysis of the frequency of window opening in Spanish homes 

Since SARS-CoV-2 spread worldwide in early 2020, many countries established lockdowns for protection. With a main transmission by aerosols, ventilation was promoted. This article analyses natural ventilation of Spanish housing during the spring 2020. An online questionnaire was launched, obtaining ...

Short-term effects of air pollution and noise on emergency hospital admissions in Madrid and economic assessment 

Introduction: The aim of this study was to study the effect of air pollution and noise has on the population in Madrid Community (MAR) in the period 2013-2018, and its economic impact. Methods: Time series study analysing emergency hospital admissions in the MAR due to all causes (ICD-10: A00-R99),...

Does the meteorological origin of heat waves influence their impact on health? A 6-year morbidity and mortality study in Madrid (Spain) 

Background: In Spain, two synoptic-scale conditions influence heat wave formation. The first involves advection of warm and dry air masses carrying dust of Saharan origin (North African Dust (NAF) = 1). The second entails anticyclonic stagnation with high insolation and stability (NAF) = 0). Some s...

Calidad de productos alimentarios anunciados por televisión antes y después del plan para mejorar su composición, 2017-2020 

[ES] Objetivo: Comparar la calidad nutricional de los alimentos y bebidas anunciados por televisión en España antes y después del plan para mejorar su composición. Método: Se grabaron las emisiones por televisión digital terrestre (TDT) en horario infantil de los canales más populares. Se registrar...

Ventana de oportunidad: prevención del riesgo vascular en la mujer. Resultados adversos del embarazo y riesgo de enfermedad vascular 

[ES] Este documento resume la evidencia que existe entre los resultados adversos del embarazo (RAE), tales como son los trastornos hipertensivos, el parto pretérmino, la diabetes gestacional, los defectos en el crecimiento fetal (feto pequeño para la edad gestacional y/o restricción del crecimiento...

New Patients in Treatment for Opioid Addiction in Spain 

Introduction: Patients seeking first time treatment for opioid consumption reflect the characteristics of the consumer population. This group has not been studied in Spain in decades. The objective of this study was to characterize the opioid user population seeking first time treatment (incidents)...

Perceived Barriers to Effective Coverage of Health and Social Services for Sexual Violence in Young Adults in Spain 

Despite the increase in sexual violence (SV) amongst young people, the use of formal services is poor. Efective coverage of health services is related to a satisfactory and quality care for the people who need a specifc intervention. Te aim of this study is to identify the factors that infuence efe...

Sexismo y violencia de pareja en adolescentes 

[ES] Objetivo: A pesar de los esfuerzos para reducir la desigualdad de género, el sexismo persiste. Todavía son escasos los estudios sobre este fenómeno que contemplen variables como el deseo sexual o los antecedentes migratorios. El objetivo del estudio es analizar las circunstancias sociales (ind...

La adaptación al calor y las desigualdades sociales en salud en función del género, la edad y el territorio: Revisión de estudios en España (1983-2018) 

[ES] Los efectos del cambio climático sobre la salud exacerban las desigualdades sanitarias y sociales existentes. La desigualdad expone a las poblaciones más vulnerables, haciéndolas más vulnerables a los daños y limitando su capacidad de adaptación. Para proteger a la población de las consecuenci...

Smoking history and breast cancer risk by pathological subtype: MCC-Spain study 

Introduction: The role of cigarette smoking on breast cancer risk remains controversial, due to its dual carcinogenic-antiestrogenic action. Methods: In the population-based multi-case-control study (MCC-Spain), we collected epidemiological and clinical information for 1733 breast cancer cases and ...

Air pollution and health prevention: A document of reflection 

[EN] Ambient air quality, pollution and its implication on health is a topic of enormous importance that is normally dealt with by major specialists in their particular areas of interest. In general, it is not discussed from multidisciplinary approaches or with a language that can reach everyone. F...

Mainstreaming a gender perspective into the study of energy poverty in the city of Madrid 

The feminisation of energy poverty in the city of Madrid is currently impossible to measure through statistics for those women who are not the main breadwinners. However, a crescent body of knowledge about qualitative re search applied to the study of energy poverty has disclosed several aspects re...

The Global, Regional, and National Burden of Adult Lip, Oral, and Pharyngeal Cancer in 204 Countries and Territories: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 

Importance: Lip, oral, and pharyngeal cancers are important contributors to cancer burden worldwide, and a comprehensive evaluation of their burden globally, regionally, and nationally is crucial for effective policy planning. Objective: To analyze the total and risk-attributable burden of lip and ...

Alfabetización para la salud del personal técnico en cuidados auxiliares de enfermería y del personal no sanitario perteneciente a la plantilla laboral de cuatro hospitales españoles 

[ES] Objetivo: Estimar el grado de alfabetización para la salud (AS) de las técnicas en cuidados auxiliares de enfermería (TCAE) y del personal no sanitario perteneciente a la plantilla laboral de 4 hospitales españoles. Método: Estudio descriptivo-correlacional, siendo la población diana las...

Características del sueño en trabajadores sanitarios de hospitales de Madrid Sur 

[ES] Introducción: Los sanitarios son sometidos a estresores, relacionados con el desarrollo de trastornos del sueño. Este estudio evalúa las características del sueño en sanitarios de la zona sur de Madrid. Método: Durante diciembre de 2021 y enero de 2022, se realizó, en los hospit...

Enfermedad invasiva por Haemophilus influenzae. España 2021-2022 

[ES] Introducción: Este informe muestra la información de la enfermedad invasiva por Haemophilus influenzae (EIH) en España relativa a los años 2021-2022. Método: Análisis epidemiológico descriptivo de los casos de EIH notificados a la Red Nacional de Vigilancia Epidemiológica (RENAVE), años 2021 y...