Now showing items 21-40 of 334

    Behavior Patterns, Energy Consumption and Comfort during COVID-19 Lockdown Related to Home Features, Socioeconomic Factors and Energy Poverty in Madrid 

    During spring 2020, the world was shocked at the imminent global spread of SARS-CoV-2, resorting to measures such as domestic confinement. This meant the reconfiguration of life in an unusual space; the home. However, not all households experienced it in the same way; many of them were vulnerable. ...

    Toxic metals in toenails as biomarkers of exposure: A review 

    Toenails have been used as biomarkers of exposure to toxic metals, but their validity for this purpose is not yet clear and might differ depending on the specific agent. To evaluate this issue, we reviewed the literature on: a) the time-window of exposure reflected by toenails; b) the reproducibili...

    Short-term associations of air pollution and meteorological variables on the incidence and severity of COVID-19 in Madrid (Spain): a time series study 

    Background: There are studies that analyze the role of meteorological variables on the incidence and severity of COVID-19, and others that explore the role played by air pollutants, but currently there are very few studies that analyze the impact of both effects together. This is the aim of the cur...

    Factores asociados a la utilización de los servicios de Urgencias por la población española en 2017 

    [ES] Fundamentos: En los sistemas sanitarios modernos, los Servicios de Urgencias (SU) constituyen una de las piedras angulares de la atención sanitaria y tienen una importancia esencial en la concepción de los servicios sanitarios actuales. El objetivo de este trabajo fue anali...

    Características de los casos y contactos de COVID-19 identificados en un área de Madrid durante el inicio de la desescalada 

    [ES] Fundamentos: La desescalada iniciada en mayo de 2020 aumenta las interacciones sociales, lo que influye en la vigilancia epidemiológica de la COVID-19. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo caracterizar los casos identificados durante este periodo. Métodos: Se analizaron parámetros de interés d...

    Injection of Anabolic Steroids in Men Who Had Sex with Men in Madrid and Barcelona: Prevalence Correlates and Role as a Risk Factor for Transmitted Infections 

    This study describes the prevalence of anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) injection, their main correlates, and the prevalence of specific AAS injection risk behaviours among men who have sex with men (MSM), an area insufficiently addressed in scientific research. Participants were HIV-negative MSM ...

    Natural Lighting in Historic Houses during Times of Pandemic. The Case of Housing in the Mediterranean Climate 

    The pandemic generated by the SARS-CoV-2 virus has led to a forced increase in the number of hours spent at home. In many cases, the lockdown situations, both in social and work terms, have meant that homes have suddenly also become workplaces. Based on all the indicators, this new relational scena...

    Sexualized drug injection among men who have sex with men in Madrid and Barcelona as the first episode of drug injecting 

    Background: We estimate the prevalence of drug injection, the variables associated with having ever injected and the proportion of ever injectors whose first drug injection was for having sex; we describe the first drug injection episode, analyze the drugs most frequently injected and estimate the ...

    Working from Home: Is Our Housing Ready? 

    The COVID-19 pandemic and the precautionary measures applied globally (lockdowns and curfews) have impacted homes, including work. Working from home (WFH) has emerged as a growing trend in the post-pandemic era. The research question was: Are our homes ready for teleworking? To respond, a national ...

    Relationship between Prenatal or Postnatal Exposure to Pesticides and Obesity: A Systematic Review 

    In recent years, the worldwide prevalence of overweight and obesity among adults and children has dramatically increased. The conventional model regarding the onset of obesity is based on an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. However, other possible environmental factors involved, suc...

    Burden of injury along the development spectrum: associations between the Socio-demographic Index and disability-adjusted life year estimates from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 

    Background: The epidemiological transition of non-communicable diseases replacing infectious diseases as the main contributors to disease burden has been well documented in global health literature. Less focus, however, has been given to the relationship between sociodemographic changes and injury....

    Características de los casos y contactos de COVID-19 identificados en un área de Madrid durante el inicio de la desescalada 

    [ES] Fundamentos: La desescalada iniciada en mayo de 2020 aumenta las interacciones sociales, lo que influye en la vigilancia epidemiológica de la COVID-19. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo caracterizar los casos identificados durante este periodo. Métodos: Se analizaron parámetros de interés de las...

    Factores asociados a la utilización de los servicios de Urgencias por la población española en 2017 

    [ES] Fundamentos: En los sistemas sanitarios modernos, los Servicios de Urgencias (SU) constituyen una de las piedras angulares de la atención sanitaria y tienen una importancia esencial en la concepción de los servicios sanitarios actuales. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar el efecto de las...

    Do Clinical Trials Meet Current Care Needs? Views of Digestive Oncology Specialists in Galicia (Spain) Using the Delphi Method 

    Background: In recent years, abundant scientific evidence has been generated based on clinical trials (CT) in the field of oncology. The general objective of this paper is to find out the extent to which decision making is based on knowledge of the most recent CT. Its specific objectives are to pin...

    Habitability, Resilience, and Satisfaction in Mexican Homes to COVID-19 Pandemic 

    Following the 2020 confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic, housing has become the only safe place and this has exposed inequity in habitability. This research on the reality of confined households and the perception of their homes in the Mexican republic is based on a mixed participatory study, c...

    Association of Anorexia Nervosa With Risk of Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis 

    Importance: Anorexia nervosa is recognized as an important cause of morbidity in young people. However, the risk of cancer in people with anorexia nervosa remains uncertain. Objetive: To evaluate the association of anorexia nervosa with the risk of developing or dying of cancer. Data Source: MEDLIN...

    Evaluation of different DNA extraction methods and loop-mediated isothermal amplification primers for the detection of Mycobacterium ulcerans in clinical specimens 

    Background: Early diagnosis and treatment of Buruli ulcer is critical in order to avoid the debilitating effects of the disease. In this regard, the development of new diagnostic and point of care tools is encouraged. The loop-mediated isothermal amplification for the detection of Mycobacterium ulc...

    The Role of Social Support in Machismo and Acceptance of Violence Among Adolescents in Europe: Lights4Violence Baseline Results 

    Purpose: To analyze the potential association between social support, experiences of violence, and sociodemographic characteristics of adolescents and the likelihood of acceptance of violence and machismo in different European countries. Methods: Cross-sectional design. We recruited 1,555 participa...

    Attitudes and Acceptability on HIV Self-testing Among Key Populations: A Literature Review 

    [EN] HIV self-testing (HIVST) is a potential strategy to overcome disparities in access to and uptake of HIV testing, particularly among key populations (KP). A literature review was conducted on the acceptability, values and preferences among KP. Data was analyzed by country income World Bank clas...