Now showing items 1-20 of 671

    Vigilancia y epidemiología del herpes zóster en España 

    [ES] El herpes zóster (HZ) aparece debido a la reactivación de la infección latente por el virus de la varicela-zóster y está asociado a la inmunosupresión y al envejecimiento. El HZ es de creciente importancia en las sociedades avanzadas. La vacunación se vislum...

    Association of disability with mortality in the Spanish adult non-institutionalized population 

    Background. There is limited information about the association between disability and all-cause and cause-specific mortality among community-dwelling adults. Methods. We used baseline data from 162,381 adults who participated in a countrywide disability survey in 2008. A nationally representative ...

    Late presentation for HIV remains a major health issue in Spain: Results from a multicenter cohort study, 2004-2018. 

    With the purpose of reducing the well-known negative impact of late presentation (LP) on people living with HIV (PLWH), guidelines on early HIV diagnosis were published in 2014 in Spain, but since then no data on LP prevalence have been published. To estimate prevalence and risk factors of LP and t...

    How patients with COVID-19 managed the disease at home during the first wave in Spain: a cross-sectional study. 

    Most patients with mild COVID-19 had to stay at home trying to implement an optimal quarantine. The aim of this study was to describe the COVID-19 cases during the first wave of the pandemic in Spain, how they managed the disease at home, focusing on differences by age, as well as differences in kn...

    Access to sterile syringes among young drug injectors in Madrid and Barcelona and its association with risk behaviour. 

    [EN] To evaluate access to sterile syringes and its association with injection risk behaviour in Madrid and Barcelona. Cross-sectional community study by computer-assisted personal interview in 465 young heroin injectors between 2001 and 2003. Some 4.2% had not obtained any free sterile syringes i...

    Influence of Active and Healthy Ageing on Quality of Life Changes: Insights from the Comparison of Three European Countries. 

    This study aimed to analyze the determinants of quality of life (QoL) in older people in three European countries (Portugal, Spain and Sweden). A sample of 7589 participants in waves 4 (2011) and 6 (2015) of the Survey on Health, Aging, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) project, aged 50 and over and...

    Unprecedented increase of West Nile virus neuroinvasive disease, Spain, summer 2020. 

    Cases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND) in Spain increased in summer 2020. Here we report on this increase and the local, regional and national public health measures taken in response. We analysed data from regional surveillance networks and the National Epidemiological Surveillance Networ...

    Prognostic factors of survival in stage IV colorectal cancer with synchronous liver metastasis: Negative effect of the KRAS mutation. 

    The aim of the present study was to identify predictive parameters of survival in patients affected by stage IV colorectal cancer with synchronous and bilateral liver metastases. A retrospective cohort study was performed. Patients diagnosed between January 2013 and December 2018 were included in t...

    Environmental drivers, climate change and emergent diseases transmitted by mosquitoes and their vectors in southern Europe: A systematic review. 

    Mosquito borne diseases are a group of infections that affect humans. Emerging or reemerging diseases are those that (re)occur in regions, groups or hosts that were previously free from these diseases: dengue virus; chikungunya virus; Zika virus; West Nile fever and malaria. In Europe, these infect...

    Toenails as biomarker of exposure to essential trace metals: A review. 

    Health problems associated with essential trace metals can result from both inadequate (i.e., low intake) and excessive exposures (i.e., from environmental and/or occupational source). Thus, measuring the exposure level is a real challenge for epidemiologists. Among non-invasive biomarkers that int...

    Preference towards HIV Self-Testing above Other Testing Options in a Sample of Men Who Have Sex with Men from Five European Countries. 

    We analyzed men who have sex with men (MSM) from Denmark, Germany, Greece, Portugal and Spain to identify who would choose HIV self-testing as their preferred testing method and assessed their preferred setting to acquire a self-testing kit and to confirm a reactive result. In 2016, we recruited an...

    Intellectual disability: an approach from the health sciences perspective. 

    [EN] Intellectual disability (ID) is a complex condition that has not aroused very much interest in the health sciences and medical fields. As a result, a large part of the responsibility for caring for individuals with ID has fallen in the areas of education, social services and volunteering. N...

    Composition and Nutritional Quality of the Diet in Spanish Households during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic. 

    In Spain, the health crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic led to the declaration of a state of alarm in the whole country in 2020; in this context, a nationwide lockdown was implemented, potentially altering the dietary habits of the population. The aims of this study were to describe the diet an...

    Demographic and health attributes of the Nahua, initial contact population of the Peruvian Amazon. 

    [EN] We present the case of the Nahua population of Santa Rosa de Serjali, Peruvian Amazon's population, considered of initial contact. This population consists of human groups that for a long time decided to live in isolation, but lately have begun living a more sedentary lifestyle and in contact ...

    Health professions and risk of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, 1965 to 2010. 

    In 2009, a pathologist with sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (sCJD) was reported to the Spanish registry. This case prompted a request for information on health-related occupation in sCJD cases from countries participating in the European Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease Surveillance network (EuroCJD). ...

    Assessing the burden of paediatric influenza in Europe: the European Paediatric Influenza Analysis (EPIA) project. 

    The European Paediatric Influenza Analysis (EPIA) project is a multi-country project that was created to collect, analyse and present data regarding the paediatric influenza burden in European countries, with the purpose of providing the necessary information to make evidence-based decisions regard...